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Chengmen Country Park

Source:http://www.patpoh.com Clicks:Date:2020-01-14 13:38

城门郊野公园

Chengmen Country park, delineated on 24 June 1977, is a country park in Hong Kong, covering 1400 hectares. The park is located in the north from the lead mine Au, South to Chengmen Shuitang Road, West from Damao mountain, east to Caoshan and Zuoshan. The Chengmen pond, located at the foot of the south mountain of Damao mountain, is in the country park, surrounded by mountains, with beautiful scenery, and has long been a tourist attraction. Chengmen Fengshui forest special area and Damaoshan highland shrub forest special area are located in Chengmen Country Park.
 
 
 
Chinese Name: Chengmen country park foreign name: Shing mum country park geographical location: Jiulong city covers an area of 1400 hectares
 
 
 
History
 
 
 
In response to the surging population demand for water, the construction of the Shing Mun pond began in 1933, and the residents of the pond were relocated to the new territories. The project was completed in 1936, which coincided with the 25th anniversary of the accession of King George V, so it is also known as "Yinxi pond". During the Japanese occupation of the Second World War, a large number of trees were cut down in the Chengmen area. After the war, forests were replanted, including Pinus elliottii, mahogany, acacia, etc., which is one of the main forest planting areas in Hong Kong.
 
 
 
In 1971, the Hong Kong government allocated funds from the Sir David Trench Fund for recreation to set up a number of pilot outing recreational facilities, which are very popular among the public. Established in 1977, Chengmen country park is one of the first country parks in Hong Kong.
 
 
 
In addition, in order to cope with the traffic between Mobil, limousu and Kwai Chung and reduce the pressure of lion tunnel, the government specially built the Chengmen tunnel in February 1987, which was completed in April 1990.
 
 
 
Outing facilities
 
 
 
"Chengmen country park tourist center" is located next to the minibus station. There are exhibitions introducing the history of Hakka villagers in pineapple dam area (ancestral home of Qing Dynasty: Wuhua and Xingning county) and their relocation, the construction of water pond and early mining industry, as well as forest habitat model and other exhibits. There is also a "specimen forest" in the park for tourists to watch various plants.
 
 
 
There are barbecue facilities, toilets, tea kiosks, rain shelters, guard stations, slow running paths, pineapple dam natural education paths, and viewing platforms around the main dam. There are campgrounds near the lead ore depression.
 
 
 
Chengmen specimen forest
 
 
 
The specimen forest covers an area of 4 hectares. It was originally the abandoned terrace after the construction of the water pond and relocation in Chengmen valley village. Since the early 1970s, different representative trees have been planted successively. Until 2000, there were more than 270 local or South China plant varieties, a total of more than 7000.
 
 
 
Outing route
 
 
 
MacLehose path (Section 7): it is the second short section of MacLehose path. From the main dam of Chengmen pond, go up to Zishan and Caoshan, and then down to the lead ore depression.
 
 
 
Weiyixin path (Section 7): from Chengmen pond to Yuandun, you can enjoy the beautiful trees on the other side along the suburban road on the East Bank of the pond.
 
 
 
Ancient chengmen'ao Road: "chengmen'ao" refers to today's lead mine depression, which is the main road for striding (Tai Po) to and from shallow bay (Tsuen Wan). The annals of Xin'an County (1819) published in the 24th year of Jiaqing also has its own records. The stone path used to start from pan Chong, passing through Wanyao, yuandunxia, Tieli, lead mine depression to Chengmen village, including part of Weiyi Xinjing section. In 1907, the inscription of pilgrims donating money to build temples was left at the Guanyin palace of tietan. At the beginning of 1980s, there was still a road stone standing beside Wanyao village to Kowloon and Tsuen Wan (The Place name of Qing Dynasty is "shallow bay").

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