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Terra Cotta Warriors

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-25 16:12
Terra Cotta Warriors

Pit 1 protection exhibition hall is the earliest building in the Museum of terracotta warriors and horses of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, which was completed and opened in October 1979. Among the three terracotta pits, it is the earliest and the largest. The pit is an east-west rectangle with an area of 14260 square meters. There are 10 2.5-meter-wide rammed partition walls in the pit, forming a 9-meter-wide Corridor around the pit. More than 1000 terracotta figures, 8 chariots, 32 pottery horses and nearly 10000 bronze weapons have been unearthed. According to the arrangement density of the unearthed Terra Cotta Warriors, it is estimated that there are more than 6000 Terra Cotta Warriors buried in Pit 1.
 
 
 
This is a main army mainly composed of infantry, with chariots and infantry alternating. It is equipped with vanguard, main body, guard and wing guard. It has a large scale and a strict layout. At the east end, there are three columns of terracotta warriors facing the East, each of which is 68. They are the front of the array; at the back, there are 38 columns alternating with chariots and infantry to form the main body of the array; at the north and south sides of the pit and at the west end, there are one horizontal array facing south, North and west respectively, which is the wing guard and guard of the array.
 
Terra Cotta Warriors 2
 
There are four types of Terracotta Warriors: terracotta warriors, crossbow warriors, chariot warriors and cavalry warriors. The infantry sources are arranged in columns or horizontal lines, each holding different weapons; the terra cotta warriors are holding bows and carrying arrows; the terra cotta warriors are holding weapons and following behind the chariot; the terra cotta warriors are standing beside the horse, holding the horse in one hand and holding the weapons tightly in the other. The strict rank system is an important guarantee for the combat effectiveness of the army, which can be clearly seen from the different wearing, costumes and weapons of the terracotta warriors. The soldiers with the lowest level wear hair tied beard, short brown, Wuxi breastplate, leg binding (leg binding), square mouth and full head; the soldiers with higher level wear hair tied or small round hat, short armor, short boots or square mouth and full head; the soldiers with lower level wear single long crown and black long armor; the soldiers with higher level wear Double Long crown and colorful robe cover Lace breastplate or fish scale plate with the front and back flush; the distinctive general terracotta wears a long crown with two curly tails, and the crown Band is tied under the neck and sagging in front of the chest. This kind of crown is also called "crane crown". On both sides of the crown, black chicken tails were originally firmly inserted. It is said that crane is a kind of bird with brave disposition and good fighting ability, "and its fighting will end in death". The general was dressed in two layers of war robes. The robe was covered with unique aluminum armour. The front chest of the aluminum armour was triangular and consisted of scales. The shoulders and the front and back chest were tied with colored knots. The generals among the terracotta army were surrounded by a group of terracotta army officials. They had dignified faces, whiskers, separated feet and feet. Their right hand tightly grasped the wrist of their left arm, and their hands were placed in front of their abdomen, like a sword posture. The other one, with a long beard under the forehead, stood on the front of the general's figurine and a solemn look, pressed the sword with his left hand. It can also be seen from the different weapons they hold. Generals and senior military officials only wear swords for command and self-defense; junior military officials and terracotta soldiers each hold spears and spears of offensive weapons.
 
Terra Cotta Warriors 3
 
No.2 pit -- uncovering the mystery of ancient military array
 
 
 
Pit 2, located about 20 meters to the north of Pit 1, was found in the archaeological survey in 1976. The plane is in the form of a curvilinear ruler. The longest part is 96 meters from the east to the west, the widest part is 84 meters from the south to the north, the depth is about 5 meters, and the area is about 6000 square meters.
 
 
 
Pit 2 consists of four units. The first unit is the eastern part, which is composed of kneeling and standing crossbow soldiers; the second unit, which is composed of chariots and soldiers in the South half of the pit; the third unit, which is composed of chariots and disciples in the middle of the pit, which is composed of chariots, steps and cavalry; the fourth unit, which is composed of many cavalry in the north half of yongkeng, is a rectangular array. The four squares are organically combined into a curvilinear array, which can be attacked, defended, orderly and impeccable. The array can be changed flexibly, and the head and tail coordinate with each other. It is not only the tentacle of exploratory attack, but also the forward of assault attack. It is the only discovery in the history of Chinese Archaeology and provides a rare intuitive model for understanding the military establishment and combat methods of the Qin Dynasty. According to the density estimation of local trial excavation, the number of terracotta warriors buried in Pit 2 is about 2000, and there will be a large number of bronze weapons. Compared with pit No. 1 and No. three, No. two pit is the essence of Qin terracotta pits. Its array is complex, its arms are complete, its posture is diverse and its preservation is more than one and three pits. Among them, the pommel horse warriors, kneeling and crossbow soldiers are unique to the two pit, and the full range of all chariots is also a feature of No. two pit. The chariots here can be divided into four types: command vehicle, auxiliary vehicle, Si vehicle and general chariot. The command vehicle is decorated with gorgeous decoration, painted with black paint, and painted with exquisite geometric patterns. The roof is covered with a round canopy. Inside the vehicle are the terracotta army, the Royal hand surge and the right army Terracotta Army (guards). The command tools are the bells and drums hanging in the vehicle. When the drums are beating, they attack, and when the bells are ringing, they retreat. The auxiliary vehicle also has a canopy and a bell drum. There are only the terra cotta warriors and the right terra cotta warriors on the vehicle, leaving the space for the general terra cotta warriors. During the operation, the auxiliary vehicle follows the command vehicle closely, so as to make up and rescue the command vehicle in case of any accident. There are also Huagai on the bus, but there is no bell tower. There are four terracotta figures on the bus, one is the terracotta figure of the imperial hand, one is the terracotta figure of the military official, and the other two are the terracotta figure of the warrior. According to experts, this kind of bus is used as a precursor, guiding in front when marching, challenging in front when fighting, delivering the war letter to the enemy, and then the two armies formally fight. Generally, there are one and two warriors on the chariot. The warriors on both sides of the chariot hold spears, swords and other long weapons. The chariot is also equipped with bows and arrows.

 

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