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Museum of Terra Cotta Warriors

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-25 16:55




historical background
Ying Zheng, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, began to build the mausoleum when he was 13 years old. Nearly 720000 people were used before and after the mausoleum was built for 38 years. The project was huge. The mausoleum was not completed until the death of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty. It was built by Hu Hai for more than one year.
It is said that the first emperor of Qin spent countless human, material and financial resources to build a underground palace for himself, and the terracotta warriors are the guards of the palace.
The terracotta warriors and horses of Qin Dynasty can be regarded as a typical example of people's martyrdom and the summit of people's martyrdom. The reason why the terracotta warriors reached such a high level in scale and realism is not only the wisdom of craftsmen, but also the will of the first feudal emperor in history. The Terra Cotta Warriors strictly imitate the real objects, with the nature and characteristics of portrait sketching, and better in scale and momentum. This is one of the reasons why the terracotta warriors are amazing.
In March 1974, some fragments of terracotta warriors were found by chance while digging a well in Xiyang village, Lintong District, Shaanxi Province. After more than a year of exploration and trial excavation by archaeologists, it was confirmed that it was a large-scale pit of terracotta warriors, which is the world-famous No.1 pit of terracotta warriors.
In April and may 1976, two and three terracotta pits were found on both sides of the first pit. Each pit has different size, shape and unearthed utensils. Some scholars believe that the third pit is the headquarters of the commander-in-chief of the first and second pit, which was called "military curtain" in ancient times.
The Museum of terracotta warriors and horses of the first emperor was officially opened in 1979 on the site of the burial pit of the terracotta warriors and horses of the Qin Dynasty. The main visitors include the first, second and third pits of the terracotta warriors and horses of the Qin Dynasty, the exhibition hall of the bronze chariots and horses and related temporary exhibitions. So far, it has received nearly 90 million visitors from home and abroad, including nearly 200 heads of state and government. The terra cotta warriors have been exhibited in more than 80 cities in more than 40 countries and regions, with more than 20 million overseas visitors. Every time the terra cotta warriors and horses arrived, they caused a local sensation and became a friendly messenger to enhance international political and cultural exchanges.
Tickets to the guided Museum include three terracotta pits including Pit 1, exhibition room of unearthed cultural relics, exhibition hall of bronze chariots and horses, Mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, and shuttle bus included in the tickets. The unearthed terracotta warriors can be divided into general terracotta, warrior terracotta, chariot terracotta and so on according to different costumes, looks and hairstyles. Each pottery figurine has a different face shape, hair style, posture and expression. Pottery figurines and horses were originally painted in color, but due to later fire and immersion, most of them have peeled off and changed color.
Pit 1
The first pit in the scenic spot is the earliest excavated pit with the largest area. The pit is 230 meters long from the east to the west, 62 meters wide from the south to the north, 4.5-6.5 meters deep from the current surface, with an area of 14260 square meters. According to the calculation of the arrangement density of the excavated terracotta warriors and horses, there are about 6000 terracotta warriors and horses buried in the pit of No. 1 terracotta warriors, as well as a large number of bronze weapons.
Pit 1 is also the most completed and shocking exhibition hall at present. You can see the huge army of terracotta warriors standing in the pit, with different expressions and shapes. It is said that there are more than 30 models of beard alone. Each soldier is lifelike through self observation. From armor to expression, from weapons to palms, there are all amazing patterns.
Pit 2 and pit 3
Pit 2 and pit 3 are on both sides of Pit 1. There are nearly 2000 terracotta figures and horses of the same size as the first pit. There are cavalry, cavalry, infantry and other different types of arms, arranged in order. Although the shock is not as good as pit 1, it is also worth seeing because each pit has different teams and functions.
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The creation of terracotta warriors is based on real life, with exquisite and bright artistic techniques and different costumes and expressions. With distinct personality and strong characteristics of the times. The bronze weapons unearthed in the pit include swords, beryllium, spears, swords, halberds, spears, catapults and a large number of arrowheads. Most of the weapons are still sharp after more than 2000 years, indicating that there was a high metallurgical technology at that time.
Copper chariot and horse exhibition hall
In December 1980, archaeologists excavated two large-scale painted bronze chariots and horses 20 meters to the west of the sealed earth of the mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty and 7.8 meters to the surface of the earth. This is the earliest, the largest and the most complete preserved bronze chariots and horses in the archaeological history of China. It is of great value to the research of smelting and bronze manufacturing technology and vehicle structure in the Qin Dynasty. There are four horses in front of each car, and each car has a terracotta figure. Copper chariots and horses are lifelike in shape and decorated with gorgeous beauty. A large number of gold and silver are used as ornaments and components. The production is very exquisite and is known as the "crown of bronze".
Travel Tips
The terra cotta warriors and horses scenic spot is full of tourists every day. When visiting, you can avoid the peak and start from the smallest Pit 3. After the tour, tourists can take a free tour bus to the mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, about 5 minutes by car.
Take bus 914 and special line 5 (306) at the East Square of Xi'an railway station to the scenic spot. Between Xi'an north railway station and terra cotta warriors, there are now free buses. Take the train ticket of that day and purchase the ticket of any scenic spot in Lintong area in exchange for the license plate (shuttle bus operation company: 029-83899123).
Please ignore the pull behavior in front of the railway station and Museum, and go to the regular ticket office or online to buy tickets.

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