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Tang Huaqing chiyutang Site Museum

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-30 11:31






Tang Huaqing chiyutang Site Museum is a cultural tourist attraction.
Tang Huaqing chiyutang site museum is located in Huaqing Palace Site, No. 038, Huaqing Road, Lintong District, Xi'an City, which is a national key cultural relics protection unit, a national key scenic spot and one of the first batch of AAAAA tourist areas. In 1990, it was officially completed and opened to the public, and is subordinate to Shaanxi HuaQingChi Tourism Co., Ltd. HuaQingChi, also known as Huaqing Palace, is located on the former site of Huaqing Palace in the Tang Dynasty. It is a famous royal garden that has rewritten Chinese history and has a strong legend. It is widely concerned about the legendary love story of Zhou Youwang and the war drama princes, Tang Xuanzong and Yang Guifei, and the "Xi'an Incident" that shocked China and foreign countries.
"Not all the gentle soup spring water, eternal romantic Huaqing Palace.". Close to the geographical location of the capital city, the beautiful scenery and natural hot springs make it a favorite of the emperors of all ages. Since ancient times, it has been a famous tourist and bathing resort in China. Since the construction of Li Palace by King Youwang of Zhou Dynasty, it has been operated and built. In Qin Dynasty, "Lishan soup" was built. In Han Dynasty, "Li Palace" was built. In Tang Dynasty, it was known as "Tangquan Palace" and "hot spring palace". For six years (747), Li Longji, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty, ordered the palace to be surrounded by mountains and built a Luocheng around the palace, which was named "Hua Qingguan", meaning that "hot springs spring surges from the waves, Hua qingdang is evil and hard to get old". Because the palace is built on the hot spring, it is also called "Huaqing pool". According to historical data, from 745 to 755, every winter, Xuanzong moved to Hua Qingguan, where he dealt with the government, discussed state affairs, and received foreign envoys. Time and Chang'an Daming Palace and Xingqing Palace are called "three palaces" and "second Chang'an". After the "Anshi rebellion", Huaqing Palace gradually lost its status as a palace. From Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty to modern times, there were repairs and expansions, forming the current scale. In 1982, HuaQingChi was listed as the first batch of national key scenic spots. In February of the same year, wujianting hall, the site of Xi'an Incident, was listed as the second batch of national key cultural relics protection units. In 1996, the State Council announced that the site of Tang Hua Qing palace was the fourth batch of key cultural relics protection units in China. In 1998, it was awarded "China famous garden" by the Ministry of construction. In 2000, it was rated as the first batch of AAAA tourist attractions in China.
Among more than 2600 hot springs in China, HuaQingChi hot spring has the longest history of utilization. Archaeological data show that the use of hot spring water can be traced back to the ancestors of Jiangzhai six thousand years ago. In 1982, the red pottery tablets unearthed near the water source of HuaQingChi were consistent with the artifacts used by the ancestors of Jiangzhai in terms of fire texture, which proves this. There are three springs in HuaQingChi hot spring, with a flow rate of 114 cubic meters per hour and a constant water temperature of 43 ℃ throughout the year. It is neutral sodium chloride sulfate water, which is not affected by the natural climate. The water is rich in calcium sulfate, sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, alumina, silica and other elements. It has obvious curative effect on rheumatism, arthritis and other diseases, and has high medical value. Therefore, it is called "divine spring" by the people, which also attracts emperors of all ages to bathe and have a good time.
In 1982, a large number of ancient building materials were found in HuaQingChi.  After several years of excavation and arrangement, five stone baths were cleared up in the 4600 square meter site area, and more than 2000 pieces of building materials, such as Lotus Square brick, green stick brick, craftsman's inscription brick, ceramic sewer, Lotus Blue Stone plinth, lotus tile and so on, were unearthed.  According to research, the five stone baths are the five royal baths bathed by Li Longji, the seventh emperor of Tang Dynasty, and Yang Yuhuan, his favorite concubine. In 1990, it was restored and protected on the original site, and built the Tang Huaqing chiyutang site museum, which was open to the public.
Begonia soup, commonly known as the "imperial concubine pool", was founded in 747 A.D. and named after a blooming Begonia flower. In Bai Juyi's song of eternal regret, "the spring cold gives you a bath in Huaqing pool, and the hot spring water is slippery to wash and coagulate fat.". When the servant was unable to help her, it was the time when she came to the new grace. "Yang Guifei had bathed in this flower like bath for nearly ten years. Lotus soup, the bathing place of Emperor Xuanzong, covers an area of 400 square meters. It is a dual-purpose soup pool that can be bathed and bathed, fully demonstrating the supreme and exclusive imperial authority. A pair of 30 cm water inlets at the bottom of the pool were once equipped with double lotus nozzles to spray water outwards at the same time, and the stone lotus symbolized the love of Xuanzong and the imperial concubine; and the lotus was closely related to the Buddhism culture prevailing in the Tang Dynasty, so it can be seen that people's understanding of bathing at that time was not simply a clean body, but an organic combination of purification thought and clean body.
Star soup, built in 644 A.D., is a soup pool dedicated to bathing Li Shimin, Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty. The shape of the pool wall is steep in the South and soft in the north. It is built by craftsmen to simulate the shape of natural mountains and rivers. Shangshi soup is a special bath for officials of Shangshi Bureau.
Prince's soup is a special bath for prince.
This group of Royal Tangchi ruins has different sizes and shapes, which conforms to the specific identity of the users. It is not only the epitome of the Royal strict feudal hierarchy in the palace architecture, but also the exquisite sculpture art works. In terms of modeling and moral, it fully embodies the artistic height that the craftsmen of Tang Dynasty achieved in the construction by using the principles of aesthetics and mechanics, and it is also the research of bath development history in China It provides a strong physical basis.
Since 1982, a total of 15 archaeological investigations have been carried out on the site, and 3097 pieces of cultural relics, including two first-class and two second-class cultural relics and 35 third-class cultural relics, have been unearthed.

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