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Huayan Temple Pagoda

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-11 17:53

 

华严寺塔

 

 

Huayan Temple is one of the eight famous temples of Fanchuan in the Tang Dynasty. It is located in the former half slope of Shaoling (duling), which is 15 kilometers south of Xi'an city today. It overlooks Fanchuan. Fanchuan in Tang Dynasty is a famous scenic spot in the south of Chang'an city. It is a resort for spring and autumn feasts and summer holidays. Du Mu, the poet, wrote in his ode to looking at the hometown: "I want to go back three times and follow the western road of Du Ling. The rock is deep in the sky, and the trees are flat. Long cloud Qin tree, wind high frost early. Zhou Tai Han Garden, twilight grass in the sun. Huayan Temple looks at Zhongnan Mountain in the south. The poet Cen can's "several thousand peaks in the south of the temple, with green and green peaks", has done its best in the scenery.
 
 
 
The location of Huayan Temple Tower Shaoling (duling), 15 kilometers south of Xi'an City, was originally half slope. One of the eight famous Fanchuan temples in Tang Dynasty was founded in Zhenguan period of Tang Dynasty
 
 
 
geographical position
 
 
 
Huayan Buddhist pagoda of Chinese Buddhism. It is located in Huayan Temple, the former half slope of Shaoling, Weiqu, Chang'an District, Shaanxi Province. Built in Zhenguan period of Tang Dynasty, the temple is one of the birthplaces of Huayan sect. During the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, because the original slope of Shaoling collapsed, the palace was destroyed, and now there are only two brick towers. In the East, there is a pagoda with seven square floors and a height of about 13 meters. The pagoda is inlaid with the word "Yan Zhu", and on the second floor, there is a stone inscription of "clean and light pagoda without dirt". Under the pagoda, there is the inscription of "the memorial of monk Du Shun" in the sixth year of Tang Dazhong (852), which is now moved to the Museum of Shaanxi Province for preservation. To the west is the Qingliang Guoshi (Chengguan) tower, the fourth ancestor of Huayan sect. It has six corners and five floors and is about 7 meters high. The tower is inlaid with carved stones of "the tower of Miao Jue, the Qingliang Guoshi of the Tang Dynasty".
 
 
 
Huayan ancestral home
 
 
 
Huayan Temple was built in the 19th year of Li Shizhen yuan (AD 803), the emperor Dezong of Tang Dynasty. It is one of the birthplaces of Huayan Buddhism in China. Its founder is Dushun, a monk in Zhongnan mountain. Huayan Temple is a typical cave temple, which has no records of tall buildings from its initial construction to hundreds of years later, but only records the original cave as a place for Buddhist statues and monks to live in. According to the records of the pagoda, there were tombs where the first ancestor of Huayan emperor, Dushun, sat on his body and bones, the second ancestor, Zhiyan pagoda, the third ancestor, fazang pagoda and the fourth ancestor, Chengguan pagoda. However, during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, there was a collapse of the Shaolingyuan, with only two brick towers remaining and the rest completely destroyed. During the drought in Shaanxi in 1930, zhuziqiao residents came to Shaanxi for disaster relief. When they visited Huayan Temple and pagoda with Buddhists, they saw the words "building pagoda means dropping dew" in the rebuilt monument of Yuan Dynasty, which was convenient for making a wish in front of the pagoda to "rebuild two pagodas and wish rain". Soon it rained heavily, so Zhu ziqiao and Buddhist people started to build the pagoda.
 
 
 
The Linggu tower of Dushun
 
 
 
Of the two existing towers, the one in the East is the Linggu tower of Dushun. Dushun (fashun, 557-640 A.D.), a common surname of Du, was born in Wannian County, Yongzhou (now Chang'an District, Shaanxi Province). At the age of 18, he became a monk and became a Zen master of the holy temple. In his life, Du Shun had many deeds of curing diseases and doing good deeds, which were respected by the monks at that time. Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty admired its fame and introduced the inner palace to worship it. Empresses, royal families and ministers worshipped it as living Buddha. Although Du Shun was a Zen master, he took Huayan as his career, lived in Jingzhong Nanshan, and wrote Huayan law world gate and Huayan five religions stop gate, which was the first ancestor of Huayan sect. When Dushun was quiet, two birds flew into the room, whining and mourning. One month later, the body was still in the same color, and there was a strange fragrance floating out, and then it was buried in the pagoda. The existing Dushun tower is a square pyramid with 7 floors and a height of about 21 meters. It is a brick tower with an imitation wood structure. The third floor of the tower is inlaid with "clean light pagoda without scale" carved stone.
 
 
 
The spirit bone tower of Chengguan
 
 
 
The West Tower is the spirit bone tower of Chengguan, the fourth ancestor of Huayan sect. Chengguan (737-838 A.D.), a common surname of Xia Hou and a native of Yuezhou Shanyin (Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province today), is the actual founder of Huayan sect, and also a famous thinker and scholar who made Huayan sect prosper in China in the decades after the end of fazang. Chengguan became a monk at the age of 11. Later, he searched for famous mountains, sought secret collections and learned a lot from various schools. Because of the complexity of the old and sparse articles, I decided to write Huayan new and sparse articles. It took four years to write 20 volumes of Dafang Guangfo Huayan Jingshu, and then dozens of volumes of Dafang Guangfo Huayan Jingshu. These two books are jointly published as Huayan Jingshu, which is the most important work in the annotations of Huayan Jingshu. Therefore, Chengguan is known as "Huayan Shuzhu". Chengguan was honored by the royal family and was appointed as the world's great monk record to preside over the national Buddhism. Chengguanshishou, 101 years old, passed away from Xuanzong to Wenzong in the Tang Dynasty. There are many disciples in Chengguan. Guifeng zongmi, Dongdu Senrui, overseas magic weapon and Ji Guanghao are the four philosophers under the gate. Zongmi not only inherits his theory, but also carries forward it, ranking the fifth ancestor of Huayan. Chengguan's goal is to revitalize Huayan all his life. Because of the influence of Zen, he tried his best to integrate Huayan thought with Zen. The thought of congruence of Buddhism and integration of various schools in Chengguan had a great influence on Chinese Buddhism after the middle Tang Dynasty.
 
 
 
The cool Guoshi tower is hexagonal, 7-story 6-sided brick tower, about 17 meters high. The pagoda is inlaid with engraved stones of "the pagoda of the Tang Dynasty's cool master Miaojue". In front of the pagoda is a monument to the restoration of Huayan four deities and Qingliang Guoshi pagoda, which is written for song Bolu and song Liankui at the end of the Qing Dynasty and records the life stories of Qingliang Guoshi. In addition, there is also the inscription of Buddhist monk Dushun in the sixth year of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty (852 A.D.), which is the most important stele of Huayan Temple and has been moved to Xi'an stele forest for preservation.

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