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Pagoda of Xing Jiao Temple

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-11 17:54

 

兴教寺塔

 

 Xingjiao temple is located about 20 kilometers south of Xi'an City, beside Shaolingyuan, Duqu Town, Chang'an County, and north of Fanchuan (Shaolingyuan, Chang'an County). It is The Place where Master Xuanzang, a famous translator and traveler of Tang Dynasty, slept Now it is a national key cultural relics protection unit

 
 
 
After Xuanzang came back from India, he devoted all his efforts to the translation of Sutras in 19 years and died in the Yuhua palace in 644 ad. The body was transported back to Chang'an and buried in Bailuyuan, the eastern suburb of Xi'an. The terrain of Bailuyuan is very high. You can see it in Hanyuan Hall of the imperial palace. Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty highly respected Xuanzang and regarded him as a national treasure. He once held a memorial ceremony for his death. In 669, Xuanzang's remains were moved to Shaoling, south of Chang'an, and temples were built to commemorate it. The temple was named as "the Tang Dynasty to protect the country and rejuvenate the religion temple", the first of the Eight Temples in Fanchuan of the Tang Dynasty. Emperor suzong of Tang Dynasty inscribed the name of the pagoda "Xingjiao" for Xuanzang's relic pagoda, implying the great rejuvenation of Buddhism. After more than a thousand years, several times of prosperity and vicissitudes.
 
 
 
Other buildings in Xingjiao temple were destroyed by fire and arms during Tongzhi period of Qing Dynasty. Xuanzang and his two disciples survived. In 1922, more than ten halls and rooms were built by monks. Zhu ziqiao and Cheng Qian added and repaired tower Pavilion, hall, sutra collection building and Mountain Gate, and three towers were repaired The three pagodas are arranged in the shape of a mountain. The highest one in the middle is Xuanzang Lingta. It has a solemn and stable shape, simple and bright decoration. It is an existing brick tower with wooden like structure. The whole body of the tower is made of blue brick, which is a quadrangular cone with a height of 21.04m and a total of 5 levels. The plane is square and the side of the bottom layer is 5m long The core of the tower above the second floor is solid, the shape of Xuanzang tower is solemn and stable, and the decoration is simple and bright. It is an earlier brick tower with wood like structure in China, which occupies a very important position in the history of Chinese architecture. The north wall of the bottom floor of the tower is inlaid with Liu Ke's "Tang Sanzang Da bianjue master's TA Ming Jue Xu" written in the fourth year of emperor Wenzong's founding (839). There are arch arches on the south side of the tower bottom floor. There are clay sculptures of Xuanzang in the niches. There is a small brick pagoda around Xuanzang pagoda, which is 7 meters high and 3-level. The bottom is 2 meters long. It is the Lingta of Shiji (West), the disciple of Xuanzang, and yuanxiao (East), the grandson of King Xinluo. It was built in 682 A.D. and 1115 A.D. in the same form as Xuanzang pagoda.
 
 
 
Note: Shiji, formerly known as weichi Hongdao, is the nephew of weichi Jingde. At the age of 17, he became a monk and was taught by Xuanzang. Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty gave him the name of Shiji. He is intelligent and studious, and will soon be able to help translate. At the age of 50, he died next to the book case of the translation school.
 
 
 
Yuankao is the grandson of King Xinluo (North Korea). He came to Chang'an with the Tang emissary. He was proficient in Sanskrit and Chinese. Later, he became a teacher of Xuanzang. He was one of the heirs of Weizhi sect. Before he died, he asked his disciples to bury him beside Shifu's stupa.
 
 
 
Since its establishment, Xingjiao temple has experienced many vicissitudes. About a hundred years after the establishment of the temple, that is, "the tower has no owner, the temple has no monk.". In the second year of emperor Taihe of the Tang Dynasty (828), the tower body was rebuilt. During the period of tongzhi (1862-1874) in the Qing Dynasty, the temple was destroyed by the war, except for three stupas. In 1922, more than ten halls and rooms were built by monks. Zhu ziqiao and Cheng Qian added and repaired tower Pavilion, hall, sutra collection building and Mountain Gate, and three towers were repaired. After the founding of new China, the government allocated funds twice for renovation. Since 1982, comprehensive repair and additional construction have been carried out. In 1983, Xingjiao temple was designated as the national key temple in the Han area. The main buildings of Xingjiao temple include: gate, bell and Drum Tower, Mahavira hall, Dharma hall, Zen hall, sutra collection building, etc.
 
 
 
Remarks:
 
 
 
1. Transportation: take the Zhongba bus to Chang'an County at dananmen. You can take K600 to Chang'an District government and back up
 
 
 
2. Admission: 8 yuan (RMB)
 
 
 
Xingjiao temple and pagoda are national key cultural relics protection units.

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