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bell tower

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-12 16:27

 

西安钟楼

 

Xi'an bell tower, built in the 17th year of Hongwu reign of Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of Ming Dynasty (1384 A.D.), is located at the intersection of the four streets in the central city of Xi'an, East, West, North and south. It is the largest and most complete bell tower left in ancient China.
 
 
 
Xi'an is an important political town in Ming Dynasty. Xi'an bell tower was built in Xi'an
 
 
 
The scale, historical value or artistic value are all measured, ranking the top of similar buildings in China.
 
The bell tower is built on a square base, which is made of brick and wood. It has three eaves and four corners. It has a total height of 36 meters, a base height of 8.6 meters, a side length of 35.5 meters and an area of 1377.4 square meters. There are stairs in it that can spiral up.
 
Covered with dark green glazed tiles on the eaves, the building is decorated with gold and color paintings, painted pillars and beams, with gilded top on the top, resplendent and resplendent. Taking it as the center, it radiates four streets, namely, the East, the south, the West and the north, which are respectively connected with the East, the south, the West and the north gates of the Ming city wall.
 
The bell tower was built in the 17th year of Hongwu (1384 A.D.) of Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of Ming Dynasty. It is named after the iron bell hanging on the tower. When it was first built, it was located at today's Guangji street, facing the drum tower. In the 10th year of Wanli (1582 AD), Emperor Shenzong of the Ming Dynasty, Gong Xian, the Royal envoy of xun'an, presided over the relocation of the bell tower. The bell tower is a typical architectural art style of Ming Dynasty. It has double eaves and double arches. The roof is high and the eaves are slightly raised. It is gorgeous and solemn.
 
It is said that shortly after Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of the Ming Dynasty, ascended the throne, there was an earthquake in Guanzhong area. It is said that there was a hidden River under the city. There was a dragon in the river. The dragon was turning over and Chang'an was shaking. Zhu Yuanzhang was afraid and felt insecure, so he tried to press it. The Taoist magicians gave him an idea to build a bell tower in the center of Xi'an city. The bell is the voice of heaven and earth, which can hold down the dragon. For this reason, Zhu Yuanzhang specially built the largest bell tower in China, and transferred jingyunzhong, the "first bell in the world", to help the battle.
 
The bell tower was built, the jingyunzhong was hung, and Zhu Yuanzhang sent his eldest son to guard Xi'an. This is the famous King of Qin fan, whose palace is in today's Xi'an new city. The two bronze lions at the gate of Beilin Museum are the things in the Royal Palace of Qin fan.
 
After the capital of Nanjing was established in the Ming Dynasty, there was a discussion of moving the capital. There are ministers who moved Xi'an. Zhu Yuanzhang had some heart, specially sent Prince Zhu Biao to Xi'an for field investigation, selected the Palace site, and drew a map of Shaanxi Province. But when the prince returned, he fell ill and died the following year. The event of moving the capital to Xi'an has not come true bell tower
 
 
 
Architectural features
 
 
 
The lower part of Xi'an bell tower is a square base of masonry structure, the surface is made of blue bricks, and the upper part of the base is a two-layer wood structure building. The height from the ground to the top of the building is 36 meters, of which the base is 8.6 meters high. Each side is 35.5 meters long, with a building area of 1377.4 square meters. There are stairs in it that can spiral up. It is a typical architectural art style of Ming Dynasty. The top of it is a triple and four sided gable structure, supported by Dougong, and the top part is a "golden roof" wrapped with genuine gold and platinum. Covered with dark green glazed tiles on the slightly raised eaves, the building is pasted with gold and colored paintings and painted with pillars and beams. In the center of the four sides of the base, there are about 6 meters high cross holes, which used to be the intersection passage of four streets in the southeast, northwest, and people and vehicles pass through the holes. With the development of urban construction, the ticket hole can not meet the needs of traffic flow, and now it has already been closed. Around the bell tower, there is a highway turntable and a circular passage for pedestrians.

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