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Daxingshan Temple

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-12 16:10





Daxingshan Temple, the ancestral hall of "secret school", one of the eight Buddhism schools, is the royal temple of Sui and Tang Dynasties and one of the three scripture translation centers in Chang'an, the capital of the emperor. It is located in Jingshan square in the east of Chang'an City (West Street of Xingshan temple in today's Xiaozhai of Xi'an city). "Chang'an annals" volume seven years: "temple Chongguang, the most capital."
Daxing temple was built in 226, the second year of Emperor Wu of Jin Dynasty. It was originally called "zunshan Temple". It has a history of more than 1700 years. It is one of the oldest existing Buddhist temples in Xi'an. During the reign of Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty, Xi'an city was expanded into Daxing city. The temple occupies The Place of Jingshan square in the city. The name of the city is Daxing, and the name of the square is Shan. The name of Daxing temple has been given up to now.
During the reign of emperor kaihuang of Sui Dynasty, the Indian monks, such as nathorido and dharmagupta, first translated Sutras in Daxingshan temple in Chang'an. During the period of Tang Kaiyuan, Indian monks were fearless, brave, and not empty. They successively settled in Xiben temple, translated classics, set up altars to spread secrets, passed on and promoted by a group of people and Huiguo, forming a vast and profound Buddhist cultural treasure house, Tang MI. Later, they spread widely and influenced for a long time through Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc., and Daxing Temple became an example It is recognized as the secret ancestral hall of Chinese Buddhism in Tang Dynasty.
In the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Chang'an Buddhism prevailed. Monks from India who came to Chang'an to preach and study abroad translated Buddhist scriptures and taught Tantrism in the temple. As a result, Daxingshan Temple became one of the three major translation venues of Chang'an Buddhist scriptures at that time, and also a memorable place in the history of cultural exchange between China and India. On May 14, 2015, Chinese President Xi Jinping accompanied the Prime Minister of India, Modi, to visit Tai Hing Shan Temple.
Daxingshan temple is an ancient temple with Chinese and foreign influence. It was listed as a key cultural relics protection unit in Shaanxi Province in 1956. In 1983, it was listed as one of the national key open temples by the State Council.
Chinese Name: Daxingshan Temple foreign name: China Xi ` an Da Xing Shan Temple location: No.55, West xingshansi street, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province building age: the second year of emperor Jinwu's Taishi (226 years) cultural protection level: Shaanxi Province key cultural relics protection unit value: Mizong ancestral hall scenic spot level AAA opening time: 08:00-17:00 free admission 2-3 hours of playing time is suitable for playing season, all seasons are suitable for the country, China's city, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province
Historical evolution
Daxing temple was built in the reign of Emperor Wu of Jin Dynasty (265-289).
Yuwenyu, Emperor Ming of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, built Zhihu temple for his father-in-law at the original site. The name "Zhihu" comes from the book of songs, Weifeng, Zhihu: "Zhibi Hu, look at my father I'll pay to my mother. " Later, I took "Zhihu" as the ceremony of missing my father.
In the second year of Emperor Wen's reign (582), Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty ordered the Daxing city to be built and the temple to be moved to Xindu. In the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty used to be the Duke of Daxing, while the temple site was located in Jingshan square, so he named it "Daxing" and "Jingshan square".
According to the annals of Chang'an, after the completion of the temple, its main hall is the most popular in the capital, with the same system as the temple. The founder of Daxingshan temple is the master of lingzang. He is Yang Jian's close friend of cloth clothing, Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty, and he was also the monk official of zhaoxuandu who managed the affairs of monks and nuns in the Sui Dynasty. The monks Meng of later Zhaoxuan, Tanyan of later Zhaoxuan and his entourage all lived in this temple. In the seventh year of kaihuang's reign (587), Huiyuan, huizang, sengshu, Baozhen, Hongzun and Tan were called to move to Beijing as the "six virtues", and more than 300 monks came to the temple to support them, making them the national road. The temple also set up a translation site. When Emperor kaihuang of Sui Dynasty, there were successively translations of Narian tiriyesha, jajana horuda, dharmagupta and Yancong. Tang Dynasty temple is located in Jingshan square in Chang'an city.
In the third year of Zhenguan reign of Emperor Taizong (629), Emperor Taizong ordered bopo to dominate the translation center in the temple.
In the reign of emperor Shenlong in the middle of the Tang Dynasty, empress Wei granted her father Fengwang, changed Daxingshan temple into Fengguo temple, and revived in the first year of Jingyun of emperor Ruizong in the Tang Dynasty.
From the fourth to the eighth year of the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty (716-720), the three monks of the Tantrism, who were fearless, courageous and intelligent, translated more than 500 secret books in Daxing temple. Daxing temple is one of the three translation centers in Chang'an, and also a holy land of Chinese Buddhist Tantrism. Many Japanese monks come to live in this temple. Yuanren, Yuanzhen, etc. are preached in this temple and spread the secret sect overseas. Many poets in Tang Dynasty also left famous poems for Daxing temple. In Lu Lun's the back pool of tixingshan temple, he said: "perched on the white crane through the window, it seems to be adjacent to Jinghu Lake. When does the moon shine on trees? How many times do flowers meet people. There is a road on the shore, and the moss path is green without dust. I would like to be able to hold on forever. I am the old monk. " Cui Tu's "tixingshan temple, Sui Songyuan, and people's Day is not up": "Qingqing yijiansong, transplanted in the lotus palace. Mossy rain, autumn wind in the middle of the night. It's hard to get a reward for a long time. Less than those who live in Zen, they see each other in the old place. "
For fifteen years (756), a famous monk of the secret religion lived in the temple. Not empty for Xuanzong, suzong, Daizong three emperor division, and once with the temple of the rest of the curse method, set up guanding Daochang and altar, in China the first guanding wind. Since then, Daxingshan temple and Qinglong temple have been called the center of Tantrism, and a group of monks also live in the temple to study astronomy and mathematics.
When Emperor Wuzong of Tang Dynasty destroyed Buddhism in Huichang, the temple was destroyed. In the Five Dynasties, the monks were ordered to return to the common customs, and they never recovered. The world rarely heard of the temple. Zheng Gu, a poet at the end of Tang Dynasty, described the scene at that time in his poem "tixingshan Temple": "the temple is in the Yin of the Imperial City, and the Qingxu is better than the Erlin. The moss invades the Sui Dynasty and the painting is dark, while the tea helps to deepen the ou. Nest crane and Zhong Zhe, poem monk lean on tin to sing. It's hard to find apricots in front of the pool behind the smoky sand. "

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