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Xi'an's capital Temple

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-11 16:15

 

西安都城隍庙

 

 

The Xi'an temple in Shaanxi Xi'an West Street is one of the two remaining Taoist temples in the city, and it is also a national key cultural relic protection unit. As an important god worshipped in Chinese religious culture, the City God is the God of protecting the city in Chinese folk and Taoism. For more than 600 years, although it has gone through vicissitudes, it is still magnificent. It was built in the Ming and Hongwu twenty years (1387). It was located in the east gate of nine Yao street, Ming Xuan de eight years (1432). It was one of the three great Town God's Temple in the world and governed the city god of several provinces in the northwest. In the Qing Dynasty, the temple was built and destroyed many times, with a large scale. It is divided into two parts: the temple and the Taoism. Now there is only one main hall rebuilt in 1723, which is magnificent with arches and eaves. The roof is covered with glazed tiles, and the front eaves lattice fan doors and windows are embossed with various patterns. The carving is fine and the patterns are exquisite. The palace was originally built with City God, judge, little ghost and other statues. The building is lofty, simple and magnificent, which shows the wisdom and artistic creativity of the ancient Chinese working people.
 
 
 
The location of Xi'an's capital temple is located at 129 West Street, Xi'an. The opening time of the east side of the University lane is 9:00-16:30. The ticket price is free. It belongs to the city of Shaanxi, Xi'an, China.
 
 
 
introduce
 
 
 
Taoist temple. It's on the east side of Daxue Xi lane, Xidajie street, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province. Hongwu 20 years (1387) was founded in the east gate of Xi'an Jiuyao street, Xuande 8 years (1432) moved to this site. In Qing Dynasty, it was built and destroyed many times. The temple yard has a large scale, which is divided into two parts: the temple yard and the Taoism yard. The main buildings used to be gate, Yuhuang Pavilion, music and dance building, archway, main hall, daoshe and wing room, etc. most of them were destroyed later. Now there is only one main hall rebuilt in 1723 (the year of Zhengyuan in the Qing Dynasty). It is magnificent with arches and eaves. The roof is covered with glazed tiles. The doors and windows of the front eaves lattice fans are embossed with various patterns and patterns. The carving is fine and the patterns are exquisite. In the palace, there were City God, judge, IMP and so on. In front of the memorial archway outside the temple, a pair of bronze lions were originally set up. They were all cast in the 38th year of Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty (1559), and are now outside the gate of Shaanxi Provincial Museum. It is a famous ancient Taoist temple in Xi'an and a place where all kinds of craftsmanship of merchants and merchants gather. Xi'an is now the capital of the city of Shaanxi Temple shopping malls, is a key cultural relics protection units.
 
 
 
On 2001 06, 25, the capital Temple of Xi'an, as an ancient building in Ming and Qing Dynasties, was approved by the State Council to be included in the fifth batch of national key cultural relics protection units.
 
 
 
 
 
Origin of name
 
 
 
The temple of the capital of Xi'an was built in the Ming and Hongwu twenty years (1387). Its original site was located in the east gate of nine Yao street, Ming Xuan de eight years (1432). It was one of the three largest Town God's Temple in the world and governed the city god of several provinces in the northwest.
 
 
 
Historical vicissitude
 
 
 
In 1723, the temple was destroyed by fire. In the same year, Nian gengyao, governor of Sichuan and Shaanxi Province, transferred the brick, stone and wood of Zhu Shuang mansion, king of Qin in the Ming Dynasty to be rebuilt. After the renovation, "the scale is grand, the pillars are grand, magnificent, and a in Guanzhong".
 
 
 
At the gate of the temple, there are five archways, with arches and cornices. The air is extraordinary and spectacular. In front of the archway is guarded by a pair of iron lions. There is a 100 meter long blue stone corridor in the mountain gate. On both sides are the powerful and majestic "Shuai gods" sealed and guarded. From south to north, Wenchang Pavilion, bell and Drum Tower, ershan gate, theater tower, memorial archway, main hall, second hall, memorial archway and dormitory hall are in turn. On both sides are the eastern and Western Taoist temples where the Taoists live and cultivate themselves. There are 33 palaces in total. The whole temple is a treasure house of architectural art and a resort of Taoist culture, with neat layout, left-right symmetry, large scale, Biwa dantan, Diaolianghuadong, wonderful workmanship and beauty. In the old days, there were so many believers here, and the incense was very prosperous. The believers in the surrounding areas "must pass through the border", often with a large number of people.
 
 
 
In 1942, some buildings were destroyed by the Japanese invaders, and the religious activities of the "ten year havoc" were forced to stop. For a long time, Town God's Temple has been occupied by department stores for historical reasons.
 
 
 
In March 2003, Xi'an municipal government invested to move out the merchants in the temple and return the temple products to the Taoist Association. With the renovation project of West Street, a comprehensive system plan for Town God's Temple has been carried out to restore Town God's Temple's past heroic posture.
 
 
 
In October 2005, the reconstruction project of the Temple Square in Town God's Temple was completed. It restored the magnificent and magnificent capital temple building and the mountain gate. It echoed with the bell tower and Drum Tower and became another magnificent sight of Xi'an.
 
 
 
Cultural remains
 
 
Cheng Huang drum music: as an important historical and cultural legacy of the capital of Town God's Temple, it is known as "the living fossil of ancient Chinese music" and "the symphony of ancient Xi'an". It is a wonderful flower of Chinese ancient music.
 
 
 
Introduction to scenery
 
 
 
New archway
 
 
 
The new archway is supported by 6 main columns, 12 auxiliary columns and 12 berms, and consists of 1 main building, 2 secondary buildings and 5 bays. The new archway has a total height of 14.5m and a width of 32m. The main building is 19 steps on the Dougong, and the secondary building is 15 steps on the Dougong, which supports the 8.1-meter-deep grand roof. Its scale and specification are rare in the whole country. On the front side of the archway, there are four big gold characters, "the capital city temple", and the big plaque on the back is also written in four big gold characters. These eight characters are all selected from Yan Zhenqing's authentic regular script. The plaque of the archway in Town God's Temple is very interesting. On the back, "have you come," and in a friendly way, you can tell that Town God's Temple is also a place loved by ordinary people in ancient times.
 
 
 
 
Between the front and back of the archway are two dragon playing beads on peacock blue, depicting two ascending and descending dragons chasing the flame beads. The two sides of "two dragons playing the Pearl" are respectively a sitting dragon. On the four corners of the positive space

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