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Drum Tower Square

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-11 16:12





Xi'an Bell and Drum Tower Square is located at the intersection of four streets in the East, West and North. On the east side of the square stands the bell tower with a history of more than 600 years, and on the west side stands the largest Drum Tower in China. The bell and Drum Tower Square was built in the late 1990s. At the beginning of its construction, the disorderly buildings built between the two floors were demolished, which made the bell tower and Drum Tower, which were once difficult to meet, become a major landscape in Xi'an. The bell and Drum Tower Square is a comprehensive project of historic site protection and old city renewal. The environmental art design extends from the theme of "morning bell and evening drum" to the ancient and modern two-way, absorbs the experience of Chinese traditional space landscape in space processing, combines with the theory of modern urban external space, and provides an "urban living room" for the ancient city of Xi'an.
Address of Zhonggulou square in Chinese, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province, built in 1998, covering an area of 2.18 hectares, China's city, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province, the best season, four seasons, two hours of play are recommended
Practical information
Ticket information: Free
Opening hours: open all day
Best season: All Seasons
Suggested visit: 2 hours
Traffic information
There are 610 special tourist buses in Xi'an, starting from the railway station, passing through Beixin street, Revolutionary Park, bell tower, Drum Tower, Guangji street, ZhuQueMen, xiaoyanta, Nanshaomen, Daxingshan Temple, Shaanxi History Museum, Dayan tower, qinwanggong and other places. The tickets are between 1-2 yuan, and all get off at the main gate of the scenic spot, which greatly facilitates tourists. In Xi'an buses, the number 1, 2 and 6 buses are ordinary buses, with 1 yuan for boarding; the number 5 and 7 buses are Zhongba buses, with 5 corners for the first three stops and 5 corners for every four stops.
Historical evolution
"Zhouli · KAOGONGJI" records: "craftsmen run the country, nine Li square, three doors by the side, nine longitudes and nine latitudes in the country, nine tracks by the Tu, zuozu right society, the former dynasty, the later, the city's first husband." This is a clear stipulation on the setting and scale of cities in ancient China, which has been influencing the urban construction of all dynasties. Tang Chang'an is a strict Li Fang system, with East and West cities. The capital construction of Song Dynasty broke the Li Fang system, and there appeared "grass market", "market" and "market", which gathered acrobatics, entertainment, teahouse, tavern and other facilities. But in the yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, it returned to the pattern of the former dynasty and the later. The most typical one was Beijing at that time. The space of the city is the street, "shopping" has become the most popular urban lifestyle of Chinese people for thousands of years, even today.
After the Tang Dynasty, Xi'an was almost ignored until 1949. It has always been regarded as a remote area. Because of the inconvenient transportation in Shaanxi, the railway was only built to Xi'an in 1934. Therefore, in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, there were no large-scale ground buildings in Shaanxi. The most respectable buildings in Xi'an are bell tower, Drum Tower and ancient city wall. Bell and Drum Tower Square, fashionable and open, let Xi'an reappear in the eyes of the world.
Zhonggulou square, built in 1996, is a comprehensive project of historic site protection and old city renewal. The environmental art design extends from the theme of "morning bell and evening drum" to the ancient and modern two-way. It absorbs the experience of Chinese traditional space landscape composition in space processing and combines with the theory of modern urban external space to provide an "urban living room" for the ancient city of Xi'an.
Xi'an Bell and Drum Tower Square, also known as Shangshu provincial square, covers an area of 60000 square meters, second only to Tiananmen Square in Beijing. According to the research, as early as the Tang Dynasty, this is the highest administrative organ of the implementation of state affairs Shangshu province. It is the Ministry of history, which governs six departments, leads hundreds of officials, reviews the political orders, assists Emperor Taizong Li Shimin and Emperor Xuanzong Li Longji to bring the country to the most glorious period of feudal society. The green lawn is divided into nine longitudes and nine latitudes by stone plates, which is the chessboard like structure of Chang'an neighborhood in Tang Dynasty. "A hundred thousand houses are like a go Bureau, and the twelfth street is like a vegetable plot". This urban pattern is only found in Chang'an, the capital of the Tang Dynasty. On the north side of the square, there are many famous stores such as tongshengxiang, DeFaChang and wanghaitang. The square below the bell and Drum Tower has also been used. Century Jinhua shopping center is a large-scale urban public service and commercial facilities project jointly developed by Xi'an Municipal People's government and Jinhua Enterprise (Group) Co., Ltd. The project integrates the development and utilization of urban underground space, urban transformation, civil air defense project, cultural relics protection, commercial circulation and other functions. It has become a landmark area of Xi'an city and a good place for people's leisure and entertainment in the ancient city.
Main attractions
Bell tower
Xi'an bell tower is located in the center of the city. It was first built in the 17th year of Hongwu (1384 A.D.) in the Ming Dynasty. It was originally located at Guangji street, now West Street. It was moved to the current site in the 10th year of Wanli (1582 A.D.) in the Ming Dynasty. It has become an axis building with a winding hub between the East and the west, echoing the north and the south. In the past, there was a big bell hanging on the upper floor, which was used to call the police and tell the time, so it was called "bell tower" The bell tower is mainly composed of brick and wood structure, and from the bottom to the top, there are three parts: the base, the building body and the top. The building is of wood structure, with three rooms in depth and three in width. It is a building form of "double eaves, three drips of water" and "four corners gather at the top". The total height from the ground to Baoding is 36 meters, with an area of 1377.64 square meters. The base is square with a height of 8.6 meters. In the center of the four sides of the base, there are 6-meter-high and 6-meter-wide gate holes, which are connected with the four streets in the southeast, northwest and North. The building is divided into two floors, each of which has an open pillar ambulatory, colored Fang windows and carved door leaves at four corners. In particular, each floor is decorated with classical and beautiful patterns such as Dougong, caisson, woodcut, and color painting. 

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