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Qinling Palace of the Earth

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-11 16:08





The underground palace of the mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin refers to the underground Mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin, which is The Place to place coffins and funerary objects. The mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin is located in Lishan Mountain, 30 kilometers east of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China, also known as Lishan Park.
The location of the underground palace of the Qinling mausoleum has been found by the survey of professionals. In the mountains and hills of the mausoleum of the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, there are sewers underneath, which are complex as a whole, so they dare not dig. However, in 1962, archaeologists drew the first layout plan of the mausoleum, and found that the large-scale underground palace is located below the top platform of the earth mound and its surroundings, 35 meters deep from the ground plane, 170 meters long from the east to the West , 145 meters wide from north to south, the main body and the tomb are rectangular. The tomb is located in the center of the underground palace, 15 meters high, and the size is equivalent to a standard football field.
On October 14, 2016, due to the unreasonable location and incomplete function of the tourist center, nonstandard part of the signs, and improper use of the toilets for the disabled, Xi'an tourism resources development and management evaluation committee decided to remove the 3A level scenic spot of the underground palace of the first emperor of Qin.
In December 2016, in the list of 3A scenic spots handled by the National Tourism Administration, the underground palace of the mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin was delisted.








Essential information
Chinese Name: Mausoleum of the first Qin emperor geographical location: climate type: warm temperate and semi humid continental monsoon climate covers an area of 56.25 square kilometers, opening hours: 08:00 ~ 18:00, ticket price: 30.00 yuan, recommended playing time: 2-3 hours, suitable playing time: all seasons, suitable building Structural palace wall, dam
Location exploration
There are different opinions about the location of the underground palace of the Qin mausoleum. Some say that the tomb is about a football field, and the underground palace is the place where coffins and funerary objects are placed. According to historical records, the core historical material of the mausoleum of the Qin emperor, the old instrument of the Han Dynasty, contains a section about the depth of the underground palace of the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty. In 210 B.C., Prime Minister Li Si reported to the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty that he took 720000 people to build the Lishan mausoleum, which has been dug very deep, as if to the ground The bottom is the same. After hearing this, the first emperor of Qin ordered "another three hundred Zhangs or more". "Three hundred Zhang by the side" makes the location of the underground palace of the Qin mausoleum more confusing. It is said that the underground palace of the Qin mausoleum is in Lishan Mountain. There is also an underground passage between Lishan Mountain and Qinling mausoleum. When it rains in cloudy days, there are "Yin soldiers" in the underground passage. People are cheering and shouting, which is very lively. It is reported that archaeologists have made many investigations according to the legend, but they have not been able to find the underground passage in the legend.
archaeological discovery
The first comprehensive archaeological survey of Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum began in 1962. Archaeologists drew the first layout plan of the mausoleum. After exploration, the scope of the mausoleum is 56.25 square kilometers, equivalent to nearly 78 imperial palaces, causing a sensation in the archaeological community.
——"We used remote sensing and geophysical methods to detect respectively. In fact, the underground palace is under the mound." Duan Qingbo introduced that the large-scale underground palace is located at the top platform of the earth mound and below its surroundings.
building structure
Solid walls
The researchers found that there was a thick circle of fine rammed wall around the tomb under the mound, which was called palace wall. After verification, the palace wall is about 168 meters long from east to west, 141 meters from north to south, 16 meters wide from South and 22 meters wide from north. "In the construction of the palace wall, in order to test whether the palace wall compacted with soil is hard, the construction personnel will stand in the distance and shoot at the wall with bow and arrow. If the arrow can be inserted into the wall, the repaired palace wall must be pulled down and rebuilt." Duan Qingbo said that the palace walls are made of multi-layer fine soil, each layer is about 5-6cm thick, which is quite delicate and solid. "Beyond our expectation, the top of the palace wall was even much higher than the ground of the Qin Dynasty at that time, down to 33 meters under the current seal soil, and the height of the whole wall was about 30 meters, which was very spectacular!" Inside the wall, researchers found another stone palace wall. Duan Qingbo said that according to the detection, there was no water in the tomb, and the whole tomb did not collapse. "In the history of Guanzhong area, there has been a big earthquake of magnitude 8 or above, but the mausoleum of Qin Shihuang is intact, which is closely related to the firmness of the palace wall!"
"This kind of palace wall is an unprecedented discovery! This new form of burial can be called "Qinling style". It is not known how much the imperial walls of Qin mausoleum can promote the study of ancient Chinese mausoleum system. " Duan Qingbo said.
Waterproof dam
In addition to the palace walls, the researchers found that there were large-scale drainage channels around the Qinling mausoleum.
Duan Qingbo said that the drainage channel, which is about one kilometer long, is actually a wall. The bottom of the channel is rammed by the strong waterproof green paste mud with a thickness of 17 meters, and the upper part is rammed by the Loess with a width of 84 meters. The scale is unimaginable. "The design of the water blocking and drainage channel is quite ingenious. Qinshihuang Mausoleum is high in the southeast and low in the northwest, with a drop of 85 meters. The drainage channel just blocks the groundwater from high to low, which effectively protects the tomb from water immersion. " Duan Qingbo said that in the "three springs" recorded in historical records, the "three" is actually an approximate number, in fact, it should refer to the flood encountered in the construction, so the construction of the drainage channel was blocked Duan Qingbo said humorously, "the Qin people are so clever that the National Opera House in Beijing, which is under construction, is only to solve the problem of water immersion according to this set of methods."
Mercury defense
According to the historical records of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, the underground palace "takes mercury as rivers and oceans.". According to Liu Shiyi, a researcher of China Geological Survey and Research Institute, through geophysical exploration, it is proved that there are obvious mercury anomalies in the underground palace, and the mercury distribution is strong in the southeast and southwest, weak in the northeast and northwest. If the distribution of mercury represents the river and sea, it is just in line with the distribution of Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea in China. "The first emperor of Qin visited the Bohai Bay in person, so he is likely to draw the Bohai Sea into his own underground palace. If this is confirmed, it shows that the Qin Dynasty had a survey and Research on Chinese geography, which is also a new discovery. " Liu said.
The purpose of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty is not only to create a magnificent natural landscape, but also to keep the corpses and funerary objects from rotting for a long time. Moreover, mercury is a highly toxic substance, which can cause death if inhaled in large quantities. Therefore, mercury in the underground palace can also poison tomb robbers Geophysical exploration also found that there are stone tombs in the underground palace.
Two tomb paths
Previously, media reported that archaeologists used drilling methods to find five tombs in the east of Fengtu and one in the north of the west of Fengtu. According to Duan Qingbo, the leader of the archaeological team of Shihuang mausoleum, according to the results of the survey, there are some funerary pits except one in the East and one in the West.

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