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San Yang Temple Pagoda

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-11 00:16
Gaoling tower, also known as Zhaohui tower, Sanyang temple tower. Located in Sanyang Temple of the Tang Dynasty in Gaoling District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province, the tower is 53 meters high, a brick tower with dense eaves, a total of 13 levels, with a round vase top. On the bottom floor, there are two rolling doors in the north and the south, and on the other floors, there are four rolling doors in the East, South, West and North. The eaves of each layer are stacked astringently, and two bricks are used for staggered masonry with two bricks and two bricks for each of the teeth. After the eighth brick, the eaves of the false flying rafters are made, that is to say, the eaves are overlapped astringently. The eaves are slightly overhanging and the structure is exquisite. The ladder inside the tower can be used for climbing.
 
Location of Zhaohui tower 100 meters from the center of the tower
 
brief introduction
 
The exact age of the tower is unknown. According to Gaoling county annals compiled in the Ming Dynasty, "Sanyang Temple (Zhaohui Academy) was created in the middle age of Tang Dynasty, but a tower is not a modern thing."
 
Now according to its structure and other information, it is the Mid Tang architecture.
 
Gaoling tower (Zhaohui tower), 1956, was announced as the first batch of key cultural relics protection units in Shaanxi Province. In 1981, Shaanxi Provincial Bureau of cultural relics allocated a special fund of 90000 yuan to protect and maintain the tower.
 
In 1982, a large-scale maintenance was carried out on the tower by the County Council of culture and management, and 108 wind bells were restored and installed on the corner eaves of the tower. In 2006, the tower was announced as the Sixth Batch of national key cultural relics protection units. In the published list of the Sixth Batch of cultural relics under protection, Gaoling pagoda is named Zhaohui pagoda.
 
In 1982, when the ancient pagoda was rebuilt, a statue stele seat of the Northern Wei Dynasty was found in the underground palace.
 
The stele seat is surrounded by lines of Buddha and Bodhisattva.
 
Another monument of Zhaohui Academy was rebuilt in 1521.
 
(for the above information, please refer to page 9-21 of Gaoling county's annals of cultural relics. Atlas of Chinese cultural relics, pp. 137-138. )
 
Related information
 
I. Sanyang temple tower: it is located in the southeast of Gaoling County, and now in Gaoling middle school. It is a 13 level brick tower with eight sides and close eaves. With a height of 53 meters, the bricks are stacked astringently, the water chestnut teeth come out of the eaves, and the eaves are slightly cocked. Under each eaves is a single hanging bucket arch. On the first floor, a roll of doors are opened in the north and the south respectively. In addition to the eighth floor, on each floor above the third floor, roll windows are opened in the East, West, South and north respectively. The pagoda is built in the shape of a brick vase. The tower body is hollow and equipped with a ladder, which can spiral up to the top floor.
 
According to the records of Gaoling County, "Sanyang temple was created in the middle age of Tang Dynasty."
 
3. According to the records of the monument in 1521, the 16th year of Zhengde, Ming Dynasty, under the pagoda, the pagoda was originally built in the Zhaohui courtyard of Sanyang temple. Because the temple site is located at the junction of Jingyang, Xianyang and Weiyang, it is called Sanyang temple. Because of the name of the temple, it is also called "Sanyang tower". (see page 25 of Shaanxi ancient pagoda)
 
A sense of climbing the Gaoling pagoda
 
The pagoda in the desolate Temple connects with the space,
 
Denglinping steps against the wind.
 
Nanshan is expected to connect with qinsai,
 
The Weihe River flows eastward around the Han Palace.
 
(excerpted from page 19 of Gaoling County Cultural Relics records)
 
Historical vicissitude
 
Protection scope:.
 
Just 30 meters north of the tower is Li Sheng's stele and the stele Pavilion known as "three unique steles" in history. Li Sheng (Zi Liang Qi, 727-793) - a famous general of the Tang Dynasty nicknamed "ten thousand enemies" in the middle of the Tang Dynasty.
 
Why is it called Sanjue? Li Sheng was a famous general in the middle Tang Dynasty. Pei Du, the prime minister at that time, wrote the inscriptions in person. Liu Gongquan, a famous calligrapher in the Tang Dynasty, wrote the pills in person (so that the craftsmen could engrave them on the steles).
 
Therefore, later scholars of epigraphy called this monument "three unique steles".
 
The stele is one foot high, four feet two inches wide, five feet eight inches two, thirty-four lines, sixty-one words.
 
Pei Du, Liu Gongquan's official script, and Zhuan forehead.
 
In Ming Dynasty, the stele was full of stone and flowers.
 
In sun Chengze's the story of the end of summer of gengzi in the Qing Dynasty, it said: "although the characters are peeling off, they can be found even if they are tall and upright."
 
Compared with the Vajra Sutra, it strengthens the concept of firm determination, clear edges and corners, crisp stippling, upright and unsociable.
 
However, in some places, the word knot seems to be restrained.
 
Key cultural relics protection units of Shaanxi Province.
 
Originally located 200 meters northwest of Lisheng tomb, north of Dongwei bridge, Mabei village, Yuchu Township, Gaoling County, northeast of Xi'an city.
 
Li Sheng was the general of emperor Dezong of Tang Dynasty. Zhu Peng rebelled. Li Sheng led his troops to pacify the rebellion. He won a fierce battle with Zhu Peng at the Dongwei bridge and recovered the capital.
 
The stele was written by Pei Du, Liu Gongquan's scholar, commonly known as the three unique stele.
 
Since the Tang Dynasty, the Weihe River has moved 4 kilometers to the north. In order to prevent the monument from sinking into the Weihe River, the monument has been moved to Gaoling cultural center.
 
In order to strengthen the protection, it is moved to Gaoling No.1 middle school.

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