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Grand Chongyang Longevity Palace

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-10 15:34
Chongyang palace, the ancestral hall of Quanzhen Taoism, also known as Chongyang Longevity Palace and Zuan, enjoys the reputation of "the ancestral hall of the world" and "the holy land of Quanzhen". It is located in Zuan Town, Qingyi District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province, 40 kilometers away from the center of Xi'an. All kinds of buildings cover a total area of 10800 square meters, with a building area of 1229.2 square meters, a memorial tower with a building area of 105.6 square meters and an attached building area of 222.5 square meters.
 
Chongyang palace is the first of the three great ancestral halls of Quanzhen school and The Place where Wang Chongyang, the founder of Quanzhen Taoism, practiced and died in his early years. Wang Chongyang advocates the unity of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. His tenet is "the three religions are well-rounded, the mind knows the nature, and the mind sees the nature, so his religion is the whole truth.". His disciple Qiu Chuji was valued by the emperor Taizu of the Yuan Dynasty, and Quanzhen religion became more and more prosperous in the north. Chongyang palace became the ancestral hall of Quanzhen religion.
 
The Chongyang palace in Xi'an is the ancestral hall for Quanzhen education. Although beijing baiyun temple and Shanxi Yongle Palace are also called "ancestral halls", they are actually built by Wang Chongyang's disciples.
 
Chinese Name: Chongyang palace location: Zuan Town, Anyi District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province time of establishment: Northern Song Dynasty type Taoist temple covers an area of 53 mu for the purpose of commemorating the national key cultural relics protection unit of Quanzhen patriarch Wang Chongyang level honor famous scenic spot of Quanzhen patriarch living dead tomb, opening hours: 08:00-18 : 00 ticket price: 25 yuan / person, suggested 1-2 hours of playing time, suitable for playing season, all seasons, the country, the city of China, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province
 
geographical environment
 
Chongyang palace is located in Zuan Town, Guyi District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province. It is located in the hinterland of Guanzhong Plain, the north foot of Qinling Mountain and the Bank of Ganshui. Looking at Zhouzhi in the west, it is connected with the county seat of Wuyi District in the East and 40 kilometers southwest of Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province. Looking to the south, Gan water comes from the southeast and flows into Weishui through the northwest of Chongyang palace.
 
Historical evolution
 
Chongyang palace is the first of the three great ancestral halls of Quanzhen Taoism and the place where Wang Chongyang, the founder of Quanzhen Taoism, practiced and died in his early years.
 
In the seventh year of Dading (1167), Wang Chongyang burned his house and traveled to Ninghai, Shandong Province in the East. He became the disciples of Qiu Chuji, Liu chuxuan, Tan Changzhen and Ma Yu and created Quanzhen Taoism. After Wang Chongyang died, his disciples escorted his remains to the old house. After Ma Yu inherited the Quanzhen religion, he established a Taoist temple in his hometown, with the calligraphy "Zu Ting" as the amount. Later, Wang Chu, the disciple of Wang Chongyang, played a performance. Please build a spiritual void view on the site. Qiu Chuji also asked to change his name to Chongyang palace.
 
In the Yuan Dynasty, Chongyang palace was very popular, which had a great influence on Taoism in the north. It was the first of the three ancestral halls of Quanzhen Taoism. There were about 5048 buildings in the hall. The area of the palace extended to Laoyu River in the East, Ganyu River in the west, Zhongnan mountain in the south, Weishui in the north. Quanzhen Taoism gathered here, nearly 10000 people in its heyday, and the scale of the temple was the largest in the world. At the time of the emperor Shizu of the Yuan Dynasty, Chongyang palace was renamed "Grand Chongyang Longevity Palace". It enjoys the honorary names of "the ancestral court of the world" and "the holy land of Quanzhen". The gold plaque given by the emperor of Yuan Dynasty hanging above the mountain gate is still clear and distinguishable.
 
Although Quanzhen religion was restrained twice in the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, the general trend was in the period of development and prosperity. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, the top class of Quanzhen education appeared the corruption phenomenon of "the last class is precious and prosperous", and the educational administration then retreated, gradually showing the scene of talent withering.
 
In the Ming Dynasty, the Imperial Court adopted a policy of restraining Quanzhen religion, and there appeared a phenomenon of no leader among different sects.  Due to the gradual decline of Quanzhen religion, the Chongyang Palace also declined from prosperity, and the palace gradually narrowed down. The original steles were scattered in the open air. In 1445, the monument of emperor Chongyang's ancestral court was rebuilt by the host of Chongyang palace in the 10th year of mingzhengtong (Ming Zhengtong's reign), "there are more reasons in the ancestral court, but the former strong and magnificent people are not immune to the wind and rain, and they are still depressed", and the repair of Chongyang palace from Yongle to Zhengtong is recorded.
 
In the Qing Dynasty, after the war between the late Ming and the early Qing Dynasty, the Chongyang Palace "the Yongyuan collapsed, the palace collapsed, the wild house and the exposed place". In the Qianlong period, "the town and the castle were repaired by the common people". This maintenance "suffered from the prosperity and was extremely difficult to carry on" and "made it a small one", so that it "remained the protection of the remains". As the inscription in the forty seventh year of Qianlong's "the remedying of the Chongyang Palace" states, "everything in the world has never been successful, but it has declined, but it has never been. Those who are full of Qi count, and those who are full of Qi wait for the loss of Qi, and those who are full of human resources. In the early years of Tongzhi's reign, the imperial palace of Chongyang was devastated. There have been several minor repairs since. But only to maintain the concept of the ancient road. Until the eve of the founding of the people's Republic of China, there were only three buildings in Chongyang palace, i.e. Laojun palace, linggong palace and Zushi palace, five pagoda tomb, zushi tomb and steles scattered in temple sites.
 
At the beginning of the founding of the people's Republic of China, the steles of Chongyang palace were scattered in the fields, tombs and palace sites within the scope of nearly ten miles, which were eroded by wind and rain and destroyed by human beings, and faced with the situation of loss, which attracted the attention and attention of religious circles and the government.
 
In 1956, Chongyang palace was listed as a provincial cultural relics protection unit by Shaanxi Provincial People's Committee.
 
In 1962, upon the appeal of Yang Zixiu, the deputy county magistrate, the provincial government allocated special funds, and the cultural center of Wuyi District organized and implemented the collection of scattered steles from Chongyang palace to the former site of Yuhuang palace, and built a forest of Steles in the Ancestral temple of Chongyang palace.
 
During the cultural revolution, the Taoists of Chongyang palace were sent to the production team of Zuan North Street for labor, the "Laojun Palace" was demolished, the tomb of Chongyang was destroyed, and the palace and temple were neglected.
 
In 1973, 11 stele halls were built to properly protect the steles.
 
In 1979, 3.14 mu of Zuan Beijie village land was expropriated to build a wall.
 
In 1980, Chongyang palace Office of cultural administration was established (under the management of Daoist Association).
 
In 1982, the ancestral hall and spiritual palace were repaired and the ear door was rebuilt.
 
In 1986, the new cornice Qiaojiao antique Chongyang palace Mountain Gate.

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