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Site of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-07 16:01

Site of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China

 

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The site of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China is the birthplace of the Communist Party of China. The meeting site is located at No. 76, Xingye Road, Shanghai (formerly No. 106, Wangzhi Road). It is an old-fashioned Shikumen residential building with brick and wood structure on the first floor along the street, facing south.

The first National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in the downstairs living room from July 23 to July 30, 1921.

The site of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China became a Memorial Hall after 1952. It was announced as a cultural relics protection unit in Shanghai on May 26, 1959.

In 1961, it was listed as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units by the State Council.

In June 1997, it became the national patriotism education demonstration base.

In September 2016, it was selected into the "first batch of China's 20th century architectural heritage" list.

 

In 2017, the number of visitors to the memorial hall reached 835000, breaking the record of visitors.

 

Historical evolution
 

The house of the first Congress of the Communist Party of China was built in the autumn of 1920. Shortly after its completion, Li Hanjun (one of the initiators of Shanghai Communist group) and his brother Li Shucheng (one of the initiators of the League) rented No. 106 and No. 108 Wangzhi road as their apartments, and opened up the interior walls of the two houses to become one, known as "Li mansion".
 

On July 23, 1921, representatives of the early organizations of the Communist Party of China, Li Da, Li Hanjun, Zhang Guotao, Liu Renjing, Mao Zedong, he Shuheng, Dong Biwu, Chen Tanqiu, Wang Ximei, Deng Enming, Chen Gongbo, Zhou Fohai, Bao huiseng and Ma Lin, representatives of the Communist International, gathered in No The first National Congress of the Communist Party of China.
 

In 1922, the Li brothers moved out of the house, which was rented by other residents.

It was rebuilt in 1924, with wing houses added and shops opened downstairs.

After the founding of new China, in order to meet the 30th anniversary of the founding of the party, in September 1950, the Shanghai municipal Party committee of the Communist Party of China, according to the instructions of the Central Committee, searched for the meeting site of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China. After many investigations, many historical parties and witnesses such as Li Da, Dong Biwu, Bao huiseng and Mrs. Li Shucheng visited the site and confirmed that Xingye Road 76 was the site of the first Congress of the Communist Party of China.

In March 1984, Deng Xiaoping inscribed the name of the memorial hall of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

In 1999, Jiang Zemin, then general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, wrote "no new China without the Communist Party" for the completion and opening up of the expansion project.

In October 2018, it was rated as the national primary and secondary school students' research and practice education base.
 

Architectural pattern

The original building of the first Congress of the Communist Party of China was built in the summer and autumn of the ninth year of the Republic of China (1920). It was built at the same time with four similar houses close to the left and right. It is a part of shudelhi, Baile Road (now Lane 374, South Huangpi Road). It is a typical Shikumen style building in Shanghai. The exterior walls are interlaced with blue and red bricks, inlaid with white powder lines, the lintel is carved with alum red, the black painted gate is equipped with copper rings, the door frame is surrounded by Beige stone strips, and the upper part of the lintel is decorated with arched stacked plastic flowers.

There are 9 buildings in 2 rows in the original building, with brick and wood structure, facing south. There are 5 houses in the south along Xingye Road (formerly Wangzhi Road). The meeting site is the first two buildings in the West. Four buildings in the north are in shudelhi lane, South Huangpi Road (formerly Beile Road). It covers an area of 600 square meters and a building area of about 900 square meters, all of which are restored according to the original appearance of that year.

The appearance of the new museum on the west side of the memorial hall is consistent with the old building style, covering an area of 715 square meters and a building area of 2316 square meters.

The special exhibition room covers an area of 460 square meters and is divided into upper and lower floors. The exhibition hall adopts multi-functional metal Exhibition cabinets, which can be combined freely, and can meet the requirements of various temporary exhibitions.
 

Collection display

Basic Display

On the first floor of the memorial hall of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China, there are audience service facilities, including the hall, multi-functional academic lecture hall and VIP Hall. The second floor is the exhibition hall of historical relics exhibition created by the Communist Party of China. The basic exhibition is composed of two parts: "exhibition of the former site of the conference room of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China" and "exhibition of historical relics created by the Communist Party of China".

The former site of the conference room of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China is located at No. 76 Xingye Road. In the center of the living room is a large rectangular western dining table, on which are placed tea sets, vases and copper ashtrays. There are 12 round benches around the dining table, 1 coffee table and 2 chairs on the East and west walls respectively, and 1 double bucket table on the north wall. The furnishings of all furniture and articles in the living room are imitated according to the memories of the relevant parties, so that the audience has a sense of immersive presence.

The exhibition of historical relics created by the Communist Party of China consists of three parts: the historical background of the establishment of the Communist Party of China; the establishment and activities of the early organizations of the Communist Party of China; and the whole process of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China. The exhibition room also opened a wax room according to historical materials, vividly depicting the lively scene of 15 participants (including 2 representatives of the Communist International) who attended the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China in that year sitting around a table and discussing enthusiastically. Lifelike wax figures enhance the intuitiveness and historical appeal of the display, and become a new hot spot during the visit.
 

Collection

The collections of the memorial hall are mainly documents, objects, newspapers, books and photos from the Opium War to the socialist revolution and construction in various historical periods. According to statistics at the end of 2007, there are more than 100000 collections and more than 20000 precious cultural relics, including 118 sets (416) of national first-class cultural relics.

The more precious cultural relics are: the tombstone of the May 30 martyrs, the diaries, memorials and relics of the martyrs Wang Shouhua, Zheng Fuhe, Wang Xiaohe, Li Bai, etc., the photos of the scene of the petition Delegation Meeting of the Shanghai People's appeal for peaceful admission to Beijing during the war of Liberation, the declaration of the Shanghai students' protest against the violence Federation of the US Army in China, the first seal and the first wooden plate of the Shanghai Municipal People's government at the beginning of the liberation, and the The remains of 24 martyrs unearthed near the police headquarters of the KMT in Longhua.

Other precious cultural relics include the complete Chinese translation of the Manifesto of the Communist Party, the new chapter of capital policy by Hong Rengan, the king of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the manuscript of Guangfu army system by Qiu Jin, the English typewriter used by Li Dazhao, etc.
 

Thematic exhibitions
 

The memorial often holds temporary special exhibitions.

He has held "exhibition of Lenin's life story", "exhibition of the centenary of Taiping Army's march into Shanghai", "exhibition of the 35th anniversary of the three armed uprisings of Shanghai workers", "exhibition of historical materials of Comrade Zhou Enlai in Shanghai", "exhibition of pictures of historical records of Shanghai Revolution", "exhibition of historical materials of Shanghai People's welcoming the liberation -- Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Shanghai Liberation" and "the pioneer of Chinese Communist Movement" Qu -- Exhibition of historical materials for the centenary of Li Dazhao's birth, exhibition of historical materials for the 70th anniversary of the birth of the Communist Party of China in Shanghai (1921-1949), exhibition of advanced deeds of Shanghai's outstanding communist party members in the new era, exhibition of pictures for the 50th anniversary of the victory of the Anti Japanese War, exhibition of historical materials for Liu Shaoqi in Shanghai“ Exhibition of relics of Mao Zedong, Chen Yi's presence in Shanghai, glorious course -- picture exhibition from the first to the 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, collection of cultural relics, Zhou Enlai, Mao Zedong and Shanghai, Deng Xiaoping and Shanghai, eternal monument and bright red party flag -- Exhibition of pictures and historical materials of Excellent Communist Party members in Shanghai during the new democratic revolution, red Source · Shanghai - photo exhibition to commemorate the 84th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, historical materials exhibition of the life of representatives of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China, etc. The important cultural relics on display include the original of he Lvting's song of the guerrillas, Liu Shaoqi's business card, the photo of Zhu De in August 1937, and the map Zhou Enlai sent to Li Huaying.

The special exhibition room has successively held a number of temporary exhibitions, such as the exhibition of marlin and Chinese documents and historical materials, and the exhibition of Shanghai Centennial Fengyun cultural relics and historical materials.
 

Venue protection
 

In 1952, the site of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China was renovated as the first Hall of Shanghai Revolutionary History Memorial Hall, which was open internally and received important Chinese and foreign guests.

In 1958, the site of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China was reopened after the original building was restored.

On May 26, 1959, the site of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China was announced as a cultural relics protection unit in Shanghai.

On March 4, 1961, it was announced as a national key cultural relics protection unit.

In June 1997, it was announced as the national patriotism education demonstration base by the Central Propaganda Department.

In 1998, the expansion project of the memorial hall was started, and a new one was expanded on the west side of the memorial hall.

On May 27, 1999, the memorial hall was completed and opened to the public.

In January 2003, it was announced as Shanghai patriotism education base by Shanghai Municipal People's government.

In June 2009, the special exhibition room was reconstructed and completed.

In September 2016, it was selected into the "first batch of China's 20th century architectural heritage" list.

Leadership concern

On October 31, 2017, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, chairman of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, led the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Li Keqiang, Li Chunshu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji and Han Zheng, to pay tribute to the site of the Communist Party of China in Shanghai.

On the morning of the 31 day, Xi Jinping waited for the plane to arrive at the CCP site of No. 76 Xingye Road, Shanghai. This experienced Shikumen building was restored and opened to the outside world in September 1952. It is solemn in the prosperous modern city. 96 years ago, in July 1921, the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held here. The main agenda of the Congress was the establishment of the Communist Party of China.

Xi Jinping and others got off at Xingye Road and walked to the memorial hall of the first Congress of the Communist Party of China. Xi Jinping came here 3 times while working in Shanghai. Here, Xi Jinping first visited the site of one of the major conference rooms of the CPC. This 18 square meter room is arranged according to the scene of that year's meeting. Xi Jinping gazed for a long time and told him to protect the site and make good use of it. Xi Jinping said emotionally, comrade Mao Zedong called this the "productive bed" of the Communist Party of China. This analogy is very vivid. I think this is also the spiritual home of our Chinese Communists.

Later, Xi Jinping and others looked at the relief of the great representative of the Communist Party of China and visited the great beginning - the historical display of the founding of the Communist Party of China. There are lots of objects and pictures in the thematic exhibition area, such as "going forward, saving the country, saving the nation", "meeting the occasion, meeting the founding party", "gathering of heroes and opening up the world". Some of them also have sculptures and sand tables. While listening to the introduction, Xi Jinping inquired about the details. He made a list of the names of 13 representatives of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China in relief, lamenting the emergence of heroes in large numbers, and also lamenting the waves. Xi Jinping pointed out that every cultural relic during the founding of the party is very precious and every scene is thought-provoking. We should constantly recall and ponder deeply, and interpret our party's initial heart from this.

The video clip entitled "pursuing dreams" has condensed our party's magnificent struggle process and watched the equality of learning. Xi Jinping said that all the history of our party was opened by the Communist Party of China.

The oath Hall of the memorial hall is hung with a huge banner of the Communist Party of China. Facing the party flag, Xi Jinping led the other standing committee members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to review the pledge of joining the party. Under the oath of Xi Jinping, the powerful and powerful oath rang through the hall, so that all the people on the scene were deeply infected, and it seemed that they had returned to the age of great storms. Xi Jinping emphasized that not many words were included in the pledge of joining the party. It is not difficult to remember. Every Party member should keep in mind the oath of joining the party, often contrast it, be firm and unswerving, and never change.
 

Anecdotes
 

Conference address

On July 30, 1921, the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held at No. 76, Xingye Road, Shanghai. One day in early August, the last meeting of the conference was held on a cruise ship in Nanhu, Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province.

Layout displacement

In 1952, after the renovation project of the conference site was completed, the internal layout of the conference site was ready in September of the same year. At that time, the conference room of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China was arranged upstairs and opened internally for comments. However, the residents nearby reported that the houses at the meeting site had been rebuilt, which was not the original appearance of that year. Dong Biwu, the representative of Wuhan group, recalled that the conference was held downstairs rather than upstairs. Xue Wenshu, Li Hanjun's sister-in-law, who was the owner of the house at that time, also reflected that the big dining table in the living room downstairs had never been moved upstairs. After in-depth and detailed investigation and verification, the meeting site was restored in 1958 according to the original state of the building. The meeting room was also arranged downstairs according to the memories of Dong Biwu and the owner. The entrance door is the patio, and the meeting room is after 6 long glass windows, including long dining table, round stool, tea table, chair, two bucket table, vase, tea set and other furniture. In this way, the meeting site has been restored to its original state from the house building to the internal layout.

Donation expansion

In June 1998, the expansion project of the memorial hall was started, and all the Communist Party members, the Communist Youth League members and the people in Shanghai actively participated in the voluntary labor and donation of the project. In May 1999, the expansion project was completed and officially opened to the public on the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Shanghai.

Visiting information

traffic

Address of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China

Shanghai rail transit: Line 1 Huangpi South Road station, line 10 Xintiandi Station.

Bus: No. 146, 42, 109, 926, the first line of Daqiao

Visiting method

 

The museum will be open to the whole society free of charge from March 10, 2008.

 

 

Opening hours are 9:00-16:00 (closed on Monday). The total number of daily visitors is controlled to 2000.

 

 

Individual visitors are required to collect their tickets at the ticket office and enter the venue with tickets (in special cases, they are required to collect their tickets with their valid certificates).

 

 

For group visitors with more than 20 people (subject to the actual number of visitors), the team leader shall go to the ticket office to collect the group visit ticket and enter the whole team with the ticket.

 

 

The elderly, servicemen and disabled people over 70 years old have priority to enter the stadium with valid certificates.

 

Service Items

Explanation service

The museum will provide free explanation to the group audience of more than 20 people (subject to the actual number of people) who have made an appointment in advance.

Guide service

The museum provides digital language guide service equipment, which can introduce the exhibition contents and cultural relics in Chinese and English. The tour time is 45 minutes. The rent is 10 yuan per set.

Souvenir service

The museum has a souvenir service department, which manages unique souvenirs and party history books.

Other services

Free introduction to the memorial hall.

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