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Shanghai Bund complex

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-07 16:12

Shanghai Bund complex

 

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Shanghai Bund complex

 

 

The Bund area of Huangpu River in Shanghai is full of western style buildings with different national styles, so it is called "World Architecture Expo". It includes the Asia Building in classical style (1915), the Shanghai General Assembly Building in British classical style (1911), the customs building in European classical eclecticism (1925), the Huizhong hotel building in Italian Renaissance style (1906), the Bank of China Building in traditional Chinese architectural style (1937), the Broadway building (1934), etc.

 

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Shanghai Bund complex is located in the Bund area of Huangpu River in Shanghai. There are many western style buildings with different national styles, so it is called "World Architecture Expo". It includes the classical Asia Building (1915), the classical Shanghai Association building (1911), the HSBC building (1923), the Yihe foreign bank building (1920), the European classical eclecticism customs building (1925), the Italian Renaissance Huizhong hotel building (1906), the classical Oriental Huili bank building (1911) ), Bank of China Building (1937) with Chinese traditional architectural style, shasun building (1928) with art deco style, Broadway building (1934), etc.

 

Architectural complex

 

150 years ago, when the colonists set foot on the strange land of Shanghai, they took a fancy to the beach of the Huangpu River. So, this once was the path that boatman and laborer stepped out. After more than 100 years of construction, there are many tall buildings and lots of vehicles. These buildings with both classicism and modernism have become the symbol of Shanghai.

The essence of the Bund lies in these the Bund buildings, known as the "universal architecture Expo". The North Baidu bridge from the north of Suzhou estuary, and the Jinling East Road South, is about 1500 meters long. The famous Bank of China building, Peace Hotel, customs building and HSBC building reproduce the style of "Far East Wall Street" in the past. Although these buildings are not from the same designer or built in the same period, their architectural colors are basically unified, and the overall contour line processing is surprisingly coordinated. You can feel a kind of vigorous, majestic, elegant and magnificent momentum whether you are looking far or wandering in it. .

Someone said, "the story of the Bund is the story of Shanghai." The reinforced concrete buildings on the Bund are not telling the story of the bustling past of the old Shanghai Bund.

Known as "the first building on the Bund", it was built in 1906, formerly known as macbourne building. It is 8-story high, with a building area of 11984 square meters and an area of 1739 square meters. The building has a eclectic look. The facade is three sections in horizontal and three sections in vertical. The bottom section and the upper section are both Baroque, while the middle section is modernist. The building is majestic, and there is no lack of grandeur in its simplicity. It can be described as simple and complex, luxurious and elegant.

"Dongyang London" is another name of Dongfeng Hotel. It was built in 1910 and belongs to Renaissance architecture. Its appearance not only imitates American classicism, but also refers to the Empire State Building of Japan, so it's another name. When it was first built at No. 2 Zhongshan first road, it was the most luxurious club in Shanghai at that time - Shanghai Federation. The first floor of the building is a restaurant, the second floor is an international seaman's club, and the rest are guest rooms. The hotel has complete facilities and exquisite decoration, which is worthy of being the ideal choice for business accommodation. The unique triangular elevator used in the building is made by Siemens, which has a history of 90 years.

4 Zhongshan East 1st Road, Singapore Jiatong Private Investment Co., Ltd. Formerly known as the United building, it is owned by the American advantageous bank, so it is called the advantageous bank building. The building was built in 1916. The 7-story building is modeled after the Renaissance style. Most of the window frames are designed with Baroque art, which is full of rotating patterns. The gate is decorated with Ionic columns. The tall landing windows are not only conducive to lighting, but also add momentum to the building. The whole building is an axisymmetric figure centered on the door. So it gives people a sense of peace.

The Japanese Qing Dynasty building, which combines the modern western architecture and the classical architecture, is called the "Japanese Jewish style". The building is a joint venture between Japan's Qingqi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. and the Jews. It was built in 1925, located at No. 5, Zhongshan East 1st road. The building is 6 floors high and covers an area of 1280 square meters. The three floors at the bottom have simple decoration. The upper three floors have classical columns and carved flower decorations, with strong concave convex feeling. The facade of the whole building is pasted with granite, reflecting other buildings in the Bund. The Riqing building is now used by Huaxia Bank and Jindu Industrial Corporation.

No. 6, Zhongshan East 1st road. In 1897, the first bank, China Merchants Bank, was set up by the Chinese with their own funds. Now it is the location of Hong Kong Qiaofu International Enterprise Co., Ltd. The building is a fake four story Gothic building. On the fourth floor, there are five spires, originally with crosses. There are minarets on the third and fourth floors. On the fourth floor of the building, there are pointed windows, and on the first and second floors, there are typical Gothic style lattice windows. The significance of this European style building, which is about to go through a century, is far more than historical and artistic. It can be said that it has made an opening page in China's financial history.

No. 7, Zhongshan East 1st Road, is a Renaissance style building. The building pays attention to unity, symmetry and stability, and the facade decoration is very particular. Each floor is decorated with classical style columns, either for bearing or only for decoration. There are various figures around the window, with strong three-dimensional sense, similar to Baroque. Its black roof and white windows form a sharp contrast. At the same time, it has a sense of elegance. Since it was built in 1908, it has changed ownership four times. It was first called the building of Dabei Telegraph Company. Later, it was used by China Merchants Bank and Yangtze River shipping company.

As China's first new-style ship enterprise, China Merchants Group was founded in this period. China Merchants was built in 1901. The building is a three story brick and wood structure from west to East. The front door frame of the bottom floor is extended outwards. There are high open arched French windows on both sides of the front door. The facade of the second and third floors is decorated with classical columns. Part of the external wall of the building is covered with granite. China Merchants Building can be regarded as a typical Bund building in the late 19th century and early 20th century. No matter in terms of historical or artistic, it is worth looking forward to.

Pudong Development Bank building (former Shanghai Municipal People's government building, HSBC building)

No. 10-12, Zhongshan East 1st Road, a new Greek building, was built in 1923, formerly the Shanghai Branch of HSBC Bank. At that time, the United States regarded the building as the most exquisite building from the Suez Canal to the Bering Strait in the Far East. When the building was built, there were two large copper lions in front of the building. It is said that after the lion was cast, the bronze mold was destroyed immediately. So that this pair of bronze lions become out of print treasures, it has been sent to the Shanghai History Museum. At the top of the octagonal Hall of the building, more than 20 meters above the ground, there are eight murals made of hundreds of thousands of color mosaics only a few square centimeters. It is 4.3 meters wide and 2.4 meters high. It depicts the architectural features of eight cities in the early 20th century, including Shanghai, Hong Kong, London, Paris, New York, Tokyo, Bangkok, Calcutta, and is equipped with mythical figures. There are also 24 mythical animals in the shape of mythical stories, with a huge mural on the top, covering a total area of nearly 200 square meters. In the 20th century, there is a circle of American murals, which translates as "all the brothers in the world, which symbolizes the peace and prosperity of the whole world at the coming of the new century".

The "sister building" of HSBC was built in 1927. It is majestic and tall, and stands side by side with the elegant HSBC. The Shanghai customs building combines the advantages of European classicism and Renaissance architecture. The lintel of the building is supported by four huge Roman granite columns, with the towering bell tower as the axis. It is of extraordinary momentum. The architectural style is neoclassical Greek style. The upper part of the bell tower is Gothic style, with ten floors high. It is made of the bell of the US Capitol. It will be transported to Shanghai for assembly after being built in the US 。 It is said that it cost more than 2000 liang of silver. It is the largest clock in Asia and one of the world famous clocks. The customs building stands on the Bank of Pujiang River. Its sonorous and exciting bell symbolizes solemnity and mission.

No. 14, Zhongshan East 1st Road, built in 1940, covers an area of 1908 square meters and a building area of 10088 square meters. It belongs to the modern style. Architectural design emphasizes vertical lines, and the facade is simple and clear. The outer wall of the bottom floor is decorated with black marble, which is solemn and luxurious. There is a man-made circular marble escalator decorated with copper railings on both sides of the entrance door. When you go to the hall on the second floor, you can see the red color and magnificence. The lower half of 36 round columns in the hall and the walls around the hall are paved and decorated with red tiles, and the floor is also paved with red tiles. The dignified appearance and warm interior of the building make it unique and more modern in the classical buildings. .

It is a building with Renaissance style, which has experienced more than 80 spring and Autumn Periods. The Central Bank of the Kuomintang, Shanghai Space Administration and China foreign exchange trading center have all successively worked here. The structure of the building is solid and the decoration is exquisite. With the main door as the central axis, the bottom gate of the symmetrical structure has four double columns and two hole windows on both sides. There are Ionic columns on the East facade of the second to third floors and classical columns on both sides of the windows. The outer wall is made of white glazed brick and granite, with harmonious color. The outer wall of the ground floor is made of Suzhou granite Pavilion stone feet. The escalator in the building is made of marble. On the second floor, there are reliefs of figures, huge fine colored glass top bars and ambulatory, which are still in good condition.

Now China Merchants Bank Shanghai branch is located. The building was built in 1924 and covers an area of 904 square meters. As a whole, it belongs to the Japanese modern western architectural style. The East facade is equipped with four European classical columns. Thus, it is rich in European classical architectural style, which can not help but remind people of Dongfeng Hotel, which is known as "Oriental London". The internal or external connection between these buildings makes the buildings on the Bund more harmonious and unified, and establishes a whole aesthetic feeling. .

The first foreign bank in Shanghai is Liru bank, which is now known as the Bank of Mecca. There are five floors in the building. The outer wall of the first floor is paved with granite, and the inner floor is made of black and white marble. The gate is the main line of the building, and the buildings on both sides of the north and South are symmetrical. The facade of the second to fourth floors is supported by two Ionic columns, and the middle section of the fifth floor is supported by six square columns. Carved with petals. In order to make the building have a sense of height, a triangular roof is added to the top floor, which makes people feel the exquisite and unique of the Macquarie Bank building.

(former Guilin building, Ziyu building)

It used to be the largest press and publication organization in Shanghai, the zilinxi daily. AIA was officially renovated in 1998, so it was renamed "AIA tower". The facade of the building is divided into three levels. The first floor is decorated with rough big stones; the second floor is painted with cement; the third floor is flanked by dome shaped windows with elegant tower top, which shows the architectural changes and the symmetry and harmony of Renaissance art.

(formerly Huizhong Hotel)

Walking along the Bund, there is a white water brick wall with red brick waist line. This American style six Zeng building is the South Building of peace hotel. It is located at No. 19, Zhongshan East 1st Road, formerly known as the Central Hotel. The hotel, built in 1906, has profound historical significance. In 1909, the "World Anti Smoking conference" was held here. In 1996, the "Shanghai International doping conference" held by the joint drug control agency was held, and the venue of the "World Anti Smoking conference" was marked. In 1911, the headquarters of the Chinese League also held a welcome Conference for Sun Yat-sen to take office as the interim president in the hotel. This series of historical facts with commemorative value add more brilliance to the South Building of peace hotel.

(formerly shasun tower)

The north and South floors of Heping hotel are scattered. Compared with the south building, the North Building feels magnificent and luxurious. The 77 square meter high building is known as "the first floor of the Far East" due to its exquisite interior and exterior decoration. The building has the architectural style of American Chicago school, with simple and clear appearance emphasizing vertical sense. Granite walls, conical roofs and copper roofs all permeate the air of simplicity and elegance. The hotel has nine Suites in Britain, America, India, Germany, France, the United States, Japan, the West and the middle class. The dining room and lobby are decorated with magnificent decoration. There is also the Shanghai Senior jazz band, which is popular with foreign tourists. It plays famous songs all over the world, making people seem to be placed in a palace where world culture and classic art mingle.

The Bund building is known for its European style, while the Bank of China building is one of the few buildings with Chinese national characteristics. The building is divided into main building and secondary building. The exterior wall is Jinshan stone, and the roof is a gentle four-way cusp covered with green glazed tiles. The eaves of the building are decorated with brackets. The East facade has a deformed coin shaped hollow window frame from high to low. The original stone carvings of Confucius traveling around the countries above the gate tell fascinating stories. The ceiling of the business hall was also carved with the design of "Eight Immortals crossing the sea". It's full of antique atmosphere. These Diaolianghuadong and Biwa cornices are also the crystallization of the wisdom and diligence of the Chinese nation, so that future generations can inherit and carry forward.

At the East intersection of Zhongshan East 1st Road, Beijing, there is a building that looks ordinary but interesting. It is Yitai post ship building, or green post ship building. The building is seven stories high and has two basements. Next to the solid granite arch gate are classical columns. There are two to five floors with balcony and seven floors with tower. It is elegant and beautiful. The facade of the whole building is simple and clear. It is also a typical Renaissance style building.

Built in 1924, it is unique in the style of post Renaissance. Like other Renaissance buildings, it has granite exterior wall, clear main line and symmetrical shape, but it is less complicated decoration, making it more fluent. The ground floor of the building is paved with large stones. The whole building gives a sense of stability. There are two ionic pillars on the second to fifth floors, showing the classical style. The long round glass ceiling in the internal hall is a typical building on the Bund with elegant shape and exquisite workmanship.

Since Shanghai opened in 1943, foreign businesses have set up foreign banks, Yihe foreign bank is one of the earliest. Since then, British businessmen have carried out a lot of trade activities here. Yihe foreign trade building is located at No. 27, Zhongshan East 1st road. It is a Renaissance style building. The first and second floors of the building are one section, with obvious granite blocks as the axis. The gate and the window frames on both sides are made of Roman semicircle arch stone arch. Above the main door, there are sheep head reliefs, which are solemn and solid. The third to fifth floors are another section, supported by Roman Corinthian columns, magnificent, showing rich Western European classical color. The third floor has stone railing balconies, the whole window frame is inlaid with stone carvings, and the fifth floor is inlaid with stone carvings The original platform and dome above were removed and raised to seven floors.

The traffic office building of Shanghai Public Security Bureau was the office of Shanghai Branch of French Oriental Bank. The designer combines architecture, sculpture and painting in the church and palace with luxurious and pompous brush, and uses short eaves, wavy walls, overlapping columns and murals to create a mysterious religious atmosphere in the building. The building emphasizes facade decoration and treatment, especially the proportion of the building itself. On the top is the through ionic pillar, the thick walls on both sides are horizontally divided into three sections, with deep eaves on the top and exquisite carvings. The doors and windows on the bottom floor form three tall building doors, with linear relief in the middle. In addition, the building is also carved on the small structure, striving for perfection is a baroque classic.

Built in 1873, the building is two stories high, similar to the Renaissance style. The building has a high platform base. There are five arched windows in the middle vertical section of the first floor. The windows of the rooms on both sides are arched. The facade is in order. The facade of the whole building used to be clear water brick, and the top of the floor was paved with Chinese butterfly tiles. Now the exterior wall has been painted with cement. In the east of the building, there is a big lawn in front of the building, and the environment is more beautiful. After the liberation, the Shanghai Branch of China International Travel Agency was set up here. After the agency moved out, it was set up here by Shanghai Foreign Investment Working Committee, Shanghai International Economic and Trade Research Institute, Shanghai Research Center for international issues, etc. .

In addition to the above building in the Bund, the Bai Du bridge, Shanghai Mansions, the Consulate General of Russia and the meteorological station are all integrated with the buildings in the Bund.

Located on the west side of Huangpu Park, it is on the reach of Suzhou River between zhongshangdong 1st Road and dongdaming road. Built in 1907, it is the first steel structure bridge in Shanghai, with a span of 52.16 meters and a width of 18.3 meters. It is an important passage connecting Shanghai and East China in the urban area of Shanghai, with high pedestrian flow and traffic flow. Because it is in the old ferry, people do not pay for crossing the bridge, so they are called Wai Bai Du bridge.

Shanghai Mansions, consisting of main building and sub building, is located on the north side of Wai Bai Du bridge. This is an early modernist style octagonal apartment structure. The exterior treatment and interior decoration are simple and clear, and the appearance is magnificent. The original name of the main building is "baiyaojiang building". The second floor is also known as "Pujiang Hotel". Now it is a three-star hotel. It has high-level suites with Chinese, American, British, French, Japanese and Arabic characteristics. It has received many heads of state and Chinese and foreign tourists.

Located on the north side of Wai Bai Du bridge, the junction of Suzhou River and Huangpu River. The building was built in 1916, covering an area of 1700 square meters, with a building area of 3264 square meters. It has four floors and attics. Half of the ground floor is underground, and the ground is 2 meters high. On both sides of the gate, there are classical double columns, on the second and third floors, there are round arch and flat arch window frames, and there are wall columns between the windows. The roof is of double fold and four slope type, with arc pointed windows on the roof, a watchtower with two floors high on the roof on the west side, Green Iron Dome, bank along the river, and hexagonal cool hall on the east side. You can enjoy the scenery of the junction of Huangpu River and Suzhou river.

One of the landmark buildings on the Bund is listed as one of the national key protected buildings. In 1884, the Xujiahui Observatory, founded by the French Catholic Church, set up a meteorological signal station on the Bund of "Pidgin" (now the Bund of Yan'an East Road). The signal station is a long wooden pole on the ground, according to the meteorological information transmitted from the observatory. In 1907, the cylindrical meteorological signal was rebuilt, with a total height of 50 meters and a tower height of 36.8 meters. It was known as the "atunupo" architecture. In order to protect the building, in 1993, the Bund reconstruction project shifted it to the East for 20 meters.

 

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