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Memorial Location of the Revolutionary Martyrs at Longhua

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-07 16:18

Memorial Location of the Revolutionary Martyrs at Longhua

 

 

 

Longhua revolutionary martyr memorial site is located in No. 2591 and No. 2577, Longhua Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai City, China, and No. 1 Lane 2501. It is composed of two parts: the former site of Songhu police headquarters of the Kuomintang and the former site of Longhua revolutionary martyr. On May 26, 1959, The Place where the martyrs of Longhua revolution died was announced by Shanghai Municipal People's Committee as the cultural relics protection unit of Shanghai. On December 7, 1977, it was announced as the memorial site of Shanghai by Shanghai Revolutionary Committee. On May 4, 1984, it was once again announced by the Shanghai Municipal People's government as a cultural relics protection unit of Shanghai. On January 13, 1988, the < b > memorial site of the revolutionary martyrs of Longhua, which was jointly composed of the place where the revolutionary martyrs died and the former site of Songhu police headquarters of the Kuomintang, was announced as the third batch of national key cultural relics protection units by the State Council

 

History
 

Modern

In 1871, the gun factory of Jiangnan manufacturing branch was completed. After the revolution of 1911, the factory has become the song Hu military emissary and song Hu commercial port supervision office. In March 1927, after the national revolutionary army conquered Shanghai, the workshop was used as the office of Songhu police headquarters. The detention center was built in 1916. After being rebuilt in 1926, it was once used as a prison of the military law office of the general headquarters of the Allied forces of Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangsu, Anhui and Jiangxi provinces in Shanghai. People were killed here in 1926, including Xi zuoyao, the commander of the Shanghai workers' Self Defense Corps, who was killed on October 26, 1926.
 

From 1927 to 1937, as many as 9000 social figures were successively detained here, 800 of whom were shot dead. As of 2014, there were more than 100 people killed with verifiable names, including Chen Yannian, Luo Yinong, Zhao Shiyan, Peng Pai, Yang Yin and other Communist Party members killed in the 1920s, and Longhua 24 martyrs who were collectively shot here on the night of February 7, 1931. (it is more common to say that the list of 24 people is Lin Yunan, Li Qiushi, he Mengxiong, Hu yepin, Roushi, Yin Fu, Feng Keng, Yun Yutang, Li Wen, Ouyang Lian, Luo Shibing, Wang Qingshi, long Da Dao, Peng yangeng, Cai Bozhen, Wu Zhongwen, Li Yunqing, Fei Dafu, Tang Shiquan, Tang Shilun, Liu Zheng, he Zhiping (also known as he linli), duannan (a) After the outbreak of the Anti Japanese War, Shanghai fell, the Songhu police headquarters was cancelled, and most of the old buildings were destroyed. Only the remaining gate and its north bungalow, office room and guard room were left. After the victory of the Anti Japanese War, the building was re accepted by the Nanjing National Government, and factories were set up in it.

modern
 

After the liberation of Shanghai in 1949, the former site of Songhu police headquarters was protected as a memorial place for revolutionary martyrs. Part of the original factory building was taken over, that is, the factory under the Logistics Department of Nanjing Military Region. In April 1950, according to the clues provided by local residents, relevant staff of Shanghai municipal government excavated 18 complete remains, several skull, body and limb incomplete remains, and some of them in one of the execution grounds of Songhu police headquarters (now No. 1, Lane 2501, Longhua Road). &During the "Cultural Revolution", the watchtower above the former headquarters was demolished, and the rest of the buildings were not seriously damaged. In December 1977, the execution ground of the headquarters was regarded as a "just place" and listed as a memorial site of Shanghai. In 1981, the martyr cemetery of Shanghai turned the martyr's martyrdom of Longhua 24 into a memorial site, and it was announced as a cultural relics protection unit of Shanghai on May 4, 1984. In 1985, the general office of the CPC Central Committee and the general office of the State Council approved the joint construction of Longhua revolutionary martyrs memorial site and Longhua Park as the cemetery of Longhua martyrs. The relevant construction was officially started in 1990. Shanghai Municipal People's government and other people's governments set up a monument to the martyrdom of the 24 martyrs of Longhua. Jiang Zemin inscribed the monument to the martyrs of Longhua revolutionary martyrs on behalf of the people Deng Xiaoping wrote the name of the garden, and Chen Yun wrote the name of the Memorial Hall. On January 13, 1988, the memorial site was announced as the third batch of national key cultural relics protection units. From November 1990 to June 1991, the gate and gate building, guard room, telephone room, office room and men's and women's guard house of the former police headquarters were repaired. The former site of 25 mu was marked out for the military affiliated factory, and the preparation office of Longhua Martyrs Cemetery was turned into the site area. In 1991, the memorial area was officially opened to the public. In 1995, Longhua Revolutionary Cemetery was officially completed.
 

structure
 

The memorial site of the revolutionary martyrs of Longhua consists of the former site of Songhu police headquarters of the Kuomintang and the site where the revolutionary martyrs of Longhua died.

Former site of Songhu police headquarters of Kuomintang

The former site is divided into gatehouse and detention house. The gate building is a cement building, built in December 1920. It is a city building with three floors in total, with battlements at the end of the wall, a watchtower stacked on the second floor, and a flagpole of five meters high behind the guard rail. There are two kinds of door posts: round and square. The top of the two kinds of door posts are carved with Western patterns. The detention center is a brick and wood structure, located in the east side of the original headquarters. It was established in 1916. In 1926, it was transformed into an independent unit. It is surrounded by a 5-meter-high fence with barbed wire on it. A high guard tower is built at the corner of the wall. The men's detention center is composed of three buildings in the shape of "Sichuan" in the north and south. It is a two-story bungalow. The first floor is a window with an area of 432 square meters. The corridor in the middle of each room is divided into five symmetrical rooms on both sides. There are four double-layer wooden beds in each room. Each room can hold up to 15 people. At the entrance of each room, there is an iron gate. On the wall of one of the rooms, there is a sign that "Longhua worships the high wind for thousands of years, and the heroic man has no ambition to die.". The blood in the peach blossom wall outside the wall is usually bright and red. " There is a simple toilet at the end of the corridor. Two women's detention centers, residential type, were built in the southwest of men's prison, covering an area of 43 square meters, with wooden boards as beds. There are also warden's room, "preferential room", guard guard room and other buildings in the detention center. Out of the gate of the detention house, there is a shortcut to the interrogation office on the west side, and to the north, it leads to the justice area.
 

The revolutionary martyrs of Longhua
 

Quyi is the execution ground of the former Songhu police headquarters of the Kuomintang. It is located in the northeast corner of Longhua martyr cemetery, covering an area of 1500 square meters. It is a wasteland in the northwest of the former detention center. In 1950, the remains and remains of the martyrs were found in the vicinity. The location and scope of the site were finally confirmed after the memories of the nearby residents and the people who had been detained in the detention house of the former headquarters. There is a monument of "the martyrs of Longhua revolution" on the right place. Behind the monument, there is a dead tree with bullet marks all over it.
 

Commemorative activities
 

Longhua revolutionary martyrs memorial site was incorporated into Longhua martyrs cemetery in 1985. Since then, relevant memorial activities have been held in the monument or memorial hall of the unknown martyrs in Longhua martyrs cemetery and the tomb of the 24 martyrs in Longhua martyrs cemetery. In the Longhua Martyrs Memorial Hall in the Longhua martyrs cemetery, there are some relics of the martyrs who died in the detention center of the former Songhu police headquarters. Some of them are on display for visitors to visit and remember.

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