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xingshengjiao Temple

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-09 17:06

 

兴圣教寺塔

 

 

xingshengjiao Temple tower, commonly known as "Fangta", is located in the Fangta Garden of Songjiang District, Shanghai. This pagoda was built in xingshengjiao temple in 1068-1094 (from Xining of Song Dynasty to Yuanyou of Yuan Dynasty), which was built in 949 (the second year of Qianyou of the later Han Dynasty in the Five Dynasties) and destroyed in the Yuan Dynasty. From 1975 to 1977, it underwent rehabilitation and overhaul. The tower is a pavilion type brick and wood structure, 42.5 meters high, with nine levels on four sides. Because the plane of the tower is square, it is commonly known as the square tower. The pagoda with large eaves and thin body follows the architectural style of brick Pagoda in Tang Dynasty, and is considered to be one of the most beautiful pagodas in Jiangnan. In addition, it retains a large number of original objects of Song Dynasty, which is rare for ancient pagodas in the south of the Yangtze River.  In 1996, it was announced by the State Council as a national key cultural relics protection unit.
 
Guta style
 
Xingshengjiao temple tower is a national key cultural relic protection unit, located in the square tower garden south of Zhongshan East Road, Songjiang District. The tower was built between 1068 and 1094 A.D. (from Xining to Yuanyou in the Northern Song Dynasty), and has been repaired in successive dynasties.
 
Looking up at the shape of the tower, it is simple and beautiful, towering high into the clouds. The top of the tower is composed of multiple basins, Xianglun, Baoping and so on, which is up to 8m high. There are four iron cables from the spire to the four corner eaves on the 9th floor, which are called "wave wind cables". There are copper bells at the corner of the eaves of the pagoda, which are called "startling birds". There are 36 bells up and down. The wind blows the bronze bell, jingle, pleasant and pleasant, which rings for miles. Ascend the corridor on the ninth floor and overlook the whole city.
 
The shape and structure of the tower inherited the architectural style of the Tang Dynasty brick tower, brick and wood structure, pavilion style, the plane is square, so it is commonly known as "square tower". The total height of the tower is 42.5m (i.e. 42.65m). There are 9 floors in total. Each side of the bottom floor is 6m wide. The tower shrinks layer by layer and the height of the floor also decreases. There are wooden ladders on each floor of the tower. Each side of the tower has round brick pilasters, which are equipped with wooden brackets to support the wooden tile eaves. Brick columns are built on each side of the outer wall of the brick body and divided into 3 rooms. The main room is equipped with K ǔ n door, and the square room is built inside. There are waist eaves, flat seats and railings outside each floor of the brick body. Escalators are set in the gallery at the bottom floor, and the second floor is entered through the steps in the brick body. The other floors are built-in floor slabs and wooden ladders in the square room. The eighth floor is set with cross timbers to support the core timbers of the tower. It is 13 meters long and 8.20 meters beyond the top floor. It is covered with iron tower brake, which is composed of covered basin, exposed plate, phase wheel, treasure bottle, etc. Most of the wooden components on the pagoda are original in Song Dynasty, and the seventh, eighth and ninth floors were rebuilt in Qing Dynasty, which are different from the following floors. There is also a underground palace under the tower base. There is a stone box, two silver boxes and stone boxes. There are 42 coins of the Song Dynasty in the box, one bronze Bodhisattva sitting image and one lying image.
 
Xingshengjiao pagoda is one of the most beautiful ancient pagodas in the south of the Yangtze River. It provides valuable material for people to understand the shape of the pagoda in Tang Dynasty.
 
(photo album source:; business card image source:)
 
Historical evolution
 
In 949 A.D. (the second year of Qianyou in the later Han Dynasty), Zhang renshe, a native of the city, built a temple of holy religion From 1068 to 1094 (from Xining to Yuanyou in the Northern Song Dynasty), the temple monks raised funds to build this tower In 1284 (from yuan to 21 yuan), monks raised money to repair. In 1302 (the 6th year of Dade in the Yuan Dynasty), the wind blew down the Tasha Xianglun, destroyed the railings, and monk Qingyu raised money to repair it. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, the temple was destroyed by the war, while the tower and the bell tower are alone (now there is a huge stone in the west of the square tower, which is said to be the pillar base under the pillar of the Great Hall of Xingsheng Temple). In 1370 (the third year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty), Temple monks built a confessional hall beside the pagoda, which was named "Xingsheng pagoda yard"  In 1395 (the 28th year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty), the tower was worse than the gale. The monk an Zhe, zhengzhuan and so on were rebuilt. In 1415 (the 13th year of Yongle), Shi Xintai wrote the memorial to the rebuilt tower In 1447, Zhou Chen, governor of Ming Dynasty, donated money for reconstruction. From 1573 to 1619 (the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty), the monks broke their arms to show their piety. In 1660 (the 17th year of Shunzhi's reign in the Qing Dynasty), 1770 (the 35th year of Qianlong's reign) and 1821-1850 (the reign of Daoguang's reign), the pagoda was repaired. According to the records in the pagoda, in 1770 (the 35th year of Qianlong's reign), the Tasha and the pagoda heart wood were replaced. In 1846 (the 26th year of Daoguang's reign), a layer of cypress was wrapped around the pillar to protect the pagoda heart wood The pagoda in the Qing Dynasty is known as the most beautiful one in the south of the Yangtze River. There is a special square Pagoda in the Song River bamboo branch Ci of the Qing Dynasty: "Wei Lou que fan Wang Gong, Jin Bi is famous for its blue mist. How can a pagoda be as exquisite as a pagoda in the sea? "
 
In 1860, the bell tower and tower yard were destroyed. In 1937 (26 years of Republic of China), most of the palace in Town God's Temple was bombed and burned by Japanese troops. After a hundred years of baptism and artillery fire, the pagoda of xingshengjiao temple was seriously damaged in the 1950s and 1960s. Most of the base corridor and the wooden structures of each layer in the pagoda were destroyed. There was only one stair left, and the pagoda inclined about 54cm to the northwest.
 
From 1975 to 1977, Shanghai municipal government allocated funds to rebuild the tower. In 1978, Shanghai Municipal Bureau of landscape architecture took the square tower as the center and built the square tower garden around it.
 
On September 7, 1962, Xingsheng temple tower (square tower) was announced by the municipal government as a cultural relics protection unit in Shanghai. On November 20, 1996, it was announced by the State Council as a national key cultural relics protection unit.
 
Restoration engineering
 
In July 1955, the Department of culture and education of Songjiang County took protective measures.
 
In 1963, the Shanghai Municipal Commission for the preservation of cultural relics comprehensively investigated the structure and damage of the tower. In October of the same year, the ground was cleared, and the position of the gallery and colonnade of the tower body and the bricks and tiles used in the repair of the previous dynasties were determined. In April 1973, the plan for the renovation of Songjiang Xingsheng temple and pagoda was drawn up. The renovation was started in 1975 and completed in May 1977, with a utilization fund of more than 200000 yuan.

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