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Songze ancient cultural site

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-09 17:01






Songze ancient cultural site is located in Songze village, Qingpu District, Shanghai. It is named Songze culture. It is a Neolithic site. It can be divided into three layers according to the stratum.
Since 1960s, Songze site has been found. From 1961 to 1976, three excavations revealed a total area of 703 square meters. Geometric imprinted pottery remains and Neolithic site remains were found, 100 tombs were cleared, and 621 cultural relics such as stone tools, jade, bone, pottery and tooth were unearthed.
In 1959, Songze village ancient cultural site was listed as Qingpu County cultural relics protection unit. In May 2013, it was approved and announced as the seventh batch of national key cultural relics protection units by the State Council.
Chinese Name: Songze ancient cultural site approved by the State Council batch 7 of national key cultural relic protection units approved in 2013 the Neolithic Age No. 7-0134-1-134 geographical location: Qingpu District, Shanghai
Historical evolution
Songze village used to be an ancient market town. As early as the early Ming Dynasty, with the convenience of land and water transportation, it gradually became a market town in the south of the Yangtze River from a natural village, gathering popularity. It is said that Yuan song, the governor of Wujun in the Jin Dynasty, once lived here, built Hu Du Lei, and was buried in the Tushan in the north of Songze village after his death. Later, his descendants also immigrated here one after another, hence the name "Songzhai". Because it is located in the rich land of the water country, it is named "Songze".
Since the 1960s, the Songze site has been discovered, and "Songze culture", as an archaeological time name, has been recorded in the history of Chinese civilization. The mysterious veil over the "earth mountain" of Songze has been uncovered by local farmers and archaeologists. The "culture" hidden in the thick soil of Songze was excavated.
People were surprised to find that the ancestors of Shanghai, six thousand years ago, had built their own "villas" with tree trunks, reeds, thatch and other materials, and used square pads under the pillars to prevent the ground from sinking. There are cooking pits for drinking and cooking outdoors, which are used for the difference of living and living functions. At that time, their awareness of environmental protection was quite strong. In Songze site, there are also wells of the earliest Majiabang culture in China. The wellhead is nearly round, and the excavation is quite scientific. For the drinking water of life, it is no longer necessary to rely on the turbid water in the river and the mire, but near the residential area, dig the ground for water, and enjoy the pure "tap water". In this way, it not only improves the efficiency of water intake, but also adheres to the sustainable development of human health and survival.
Songze culture is a kind of Neolithic ancient culture represented by the middle level culture of Songze ancient cultural site, four kilometers east of Qingpu District.  Songze culture has a history of 4900-5800 years, and its distribution ranges from the south of the Yangtze River, the north of Qiantang River and the east of Taihu Lake.
From 1961 to 1974, two planned excavations were carried out. A total of 100 tombs of Songze culture period were found, a large number of jade and pottery were unearthed, many living and stone making sites were also found, and the rice seeds of more than 6000 years ago, including japonica rice and indica rice, as well as the bones of livestock pigs and dogs, were also found.
At the 1982 annual conference of Chinese Archaeology held in Hangzhou, the national archaeologists decided that Songze culture was a typical Neolithic culture in Taihu Lake area, which was inherited from Majiabang culture and followed by Liangzhu Culture in Yuhang. Songze cultural relics have been found in Chonggu fuquanshan ancient cultural site, dayingsi Qiancun ancient cultural site and Zhengdian jinshanfen ancient cultural site in Qingpu. The discovery of Songze culture provides important information for the study of the history of human development in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, especially the primitive culture in Taihu Lake area and the ancient cultural history in Shanghai.
In 1957, when archaeologists in Shanghai were investigating in Qingpu, they collected several pieces of Neolithic red pottery with sand and argillaceous grey pottery on the rockery pier, which attracted the attention of archaeologists.
In 1958, comrades from the breeding ground of Shanghai Publishing Bureau found antlers, pottery chips and some stone tools in the farmland in the north of the village. Therefore, archaeologists determined that there was an ancient cultural site there.
In 1960, archaeologists conducted a trial excavation of the site, and found a wealth of Neolithic sites, including a ash pit and a tomb, as well as a large number of red pottery mixed with sand, muddy red pottery, grey and black pottery pieces. According to the excavation, it was determined that the main scope of Songze site is in the east of the intersection of now 318 National Highway (then called Huqingping highway) and songzetang About 500 meters to the West and 300 meters to the north and south.
From May 21 to June 18, 1961, the first planned excavation was carried out. 18 5 × 5-meter-long exploratory pits were excavated on the rockery pier, and then 2 × 2.5-meter-long and 1 × 2-meter-long small exploratory pits were opened, with a total area of 457 square meters. In addition to the understanding that the Neolithic Remains of Dao can be divided into two layers, 50 tombs of Neolithic age have been cleared.
From 1974 to 1976, another planned excavation was carried out, with 6 exploration areas, an area of 202 square meters, and 46 tombs in the Neolithic age were cleared. Before and after the three excavations, a total area of 703 square meters was revealed. Part of the geometrically imprinted pottery remains and Neolithic site remains were found. 100 tombs were cleared up, and a large number of precious cultural relics were unearthed, including 621 pieces of stone, jade, bone, pottery, tooth and other precious items.
At the end of February 2004, the Department of Archaeology and research of Shanghai Museum carried out salvage excavation because the site museum will be built in the site area. The excavation work ended from February to the end of April, and obtained many new important examinations

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