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Shanghai Botanical Garden

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-10 09:01





Shanghai Botanical Garden is located in the southwest of Xuhui District, formerly known as Longhua nursery. It is a comprehensive botanical garden focusing on plant introduction, domestication and display, horticultural research and popular science education. Since 1974, it has been prepared for construction. On January 1, 1980, it was officially established, covering an area of 81.86 hectares. There are 15 special gardens in the exhibition area, including plant evolution area, bonsai garden, herbal garden, exhibition greenhouse, orchid room and green demonstration area.
Shanghai Botanical Garden is a national AAAA tourist attraction. In 1996, Shanghai Botanical Garden was rated as the favorite outing destination by overseas people in Shanghai, and in 2000, it was rated as a good place to go in the "61" of the new millennium.
Chinese Name: Shanghai botanical garden foreign name: Shanghai Botanical Garden category botanical garden location: 1111 Longwu Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai opening time: April 1, 1978, covering an area of 81.86 hectares, scenic spot grade AAAA, China City, Shanghai City, admission price: 15.00 yuan, famous scenic spot huangmu temple, bonsai Garden 3-4 hours in exhibition greenhouse, suitable for all seasons
Historical evolution
Longhua nursery, the predecessor of Shanghai Botanical Garden, was built in 1954 and is famous for its extensive collection of precious bonsai. In 1972, Shanghai landscape management office began to study the gradual transformation of Longhua nursery into a botanical garden. In the autumn of the following year, the design team of the branch completed the planning plan of the botanical garden, which was approved by the Shanghai Revolutionary Committee on March 5, 1974. The reconstruction began immediately. By the beginning of 1978, the park had begun to take shape and was partially opened on April 1. In 1980, the preparatory group of Shanghai Botanical Garden was cancelled and officially named Shanghai Botanical Garden.
In 1984, the first phase of the botanical garden project was completed with a total investment of 10.2839 million yuan. After 1981, Shanghai Municipal People's Government approved that part of the land in Gongqing nursery, Longhua Park and Wusong park should be used for other purposes to compensate the land adjacent to the botanical garden. Therefore, since 1984, the park has implemented the second phase of the project on the newly added land and completed it in 1987, with a total investment of 6.4859 million yuan.
On September 20, 2009, the infrastructure reconstruction project of Shanghai Botanical Garden was started. From November 1, 2009 to January 31, 2010, the whole park of Shanghai Botanical Garden was closed and the reconstruction project was implemented. The project is the first large-scale infrastructure reconstruction after the park was built.
Exhibition area introduction
The exhibition and sightseeing area of Shanghai Botanical Garden is about 600000 square meters. The exhibition area did not copy the usual zoning method of the general botanical garden, which not only publicized the scientific knowledge of plants, but also showed a colorful landscape. The park is divided into four exhibition areas, including plant evolution, environmental protection, artificial ecology and green demonstration, and Huangdaopo temple tourist area. Each area is divided into several districts. Each community takes special plants as the main landscape, with landscape architecture sketches, forming landscape with different artistic conception and landscape garden with plant seasonal features.
Plant evolutionary region
The plant evolution area is located in the middle of the garden, covering an area of 322000 square meters, accounting for 62% of the exhibition area of the whole garden. The area is surrounded by rivers in the north, West and south. The meandering water in the area lingers in the center and forms an aquatic plant pool. There are fern garden, pine and cypress garden, magnolia garden, Peony Garden, azalea garden, rose garden, Maple Garden, osmanthus garden and bamboo garden around the pool. The terrain in the area is undulating, with pavilions, galleries, terraces and pavilions reflecting the flowers and grass.
Plant floor
The botanical building is located in the south of the central part of the garden, at the center of the garden. There is a main road in the East leading to the southeast garden gate. The building is a two-story modern exhibition hall with a mixed structure, covering an area of 4420 square meters.
On the first floor of the building, there are two pavilions "the origin of life" and "the evolution of plants". They show the origin of life and the evolution process of plants from scratch, from low to high with model view boxes and specimen pictures. On the second floor, there is a science report hall and a plant exhibition hall. The north and west sides of the plant building are green barriers made up of camphor, cypress, ginkgo, osmanthus and other tall trees. There is a pool in the center of the garden on the south side. The stone revetment of Taihu Lake is surrounded by Huang Xin. The southeast is separated from the environmental protection plant area by the water platform.
Aquatic plant pool
The aquatic plant pool is located in the southwest of the plant evolution area, covering an area of 7080 square meters. There is a double slope open corridor waterside pavilion on the West Bank of the pool, with reinforced concrete structure, covering an area of 105 square meters. Water plants such as water lily, lotus, euryale seed, flower leaf and shallot are planted in the pool.
Fern Garden
Fern garden is located in the east of the aquatic plant pool, covering an area of 12000 square meters. There is a double-layer canopy with reinforced concrete structure, covering an area of 430 square meters. In the garden, 10 kinds of ferns are planted, such as Adiantum, pteridopteris, Dryopteris, Guanzhong, haijinsha, etc.
Pine and cypress Garden
The pine and cypress garden is located in the northeast of the aquatic plant pool, covering an area of 83000 square meters. There are 54 species of gymnosperms in the park, such as cedar, white pine, dragon cypress, Zhongshan cypress, Korean pine, Torreya grandis, metasequoia, Mexican larch, Chi fir and Japanese Cryptomeria.
Mulan Garden
Mulan garden is located between the pine and cypress garden and the aquatic plant pool, covering an area of 15000 square meters. In the garden, there is only a round Pavilion in the shape of Magnolia, with reinforced concrete structure, covering an area of 28.2 square meters. There are 36 Magnoliaceae plants planted in the garden, including magnolia, Erqiao magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora, Magnolia Huangshan, Magnolia Tianmu, Liriodendron chinense, Michelia Lechang, etc.

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