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Qinglong pagoda Temple

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-10 09:08

 

 

青龙塔、青龙寺

 

 Qinglong pagoda and Qinglong temple are located in Qinglong village (old Qingpu Town). The temple was built in the second year of Tianbao in Tang Dynasty (743). It was first named Baode temple and renamed longfu temple in Song Dynasty. In the fifty fourth year of Kangxi (1715), the emperor made a tour in the south, passing through Qinglong. He wrote about "Jingyan Shouxiang" and named the temple "Jiyun Temple". He also gave a crystal Avalokitesvara, a lotus splashed gold fan and a apricot cassock, which was called "three treasures".

According to Qingpu County annals published by Guangxu, Qinglong temple covers an area of more than 60 mu, with a temple field of more than 450 mu. It has magnificent buildings, such as the Mahavira hall, the underground storage hall, the Weituo hall, the Zen hall, the Zhai hall, the Yixiu hall, the Qixie hall, the wenjue hall, the Chenghuai hall, the Abbot's room, the East and west sides, the Xiangji kitchen, the storehouse, and the Putong tower. The sound of bells and drums is endless, and the sound of fanbei is Dadan, which has the reputation of "Buddha horn is the world's leader". In the third year of Jiaqing (1798), there was a fire and Chongge hall was in ruins. In the early years of Daoguang, monks built temples. In the tenth year of Xianfeng (1860), the temple house was destroyed by the war again. In the 25th year of the Republic of China (1936), Temple monks recruited to build Guanyin Pavilion and a bell, which are now abandoned. There are only two inscriptions left: the inscription of Chongxing Qinglong longfu temple and the inscription of rebuilding Jiyun Buddhist temple.

 
Qinglong pagoda was built in the Changqing period of Tang Dynasty (821-824), formerly known as longfu Temple Pagoda, also known as Qinglong wild goose pagoda, commonly known as Qinglong pagoda. Qinglong pagoda is the oldest Pagoda in Shanghai. At that time, Qinglong Town was the largest trade port in Shanghai, and Qinglong tower was the landmark building in the town, witnessing the prosperity of Commerce and trade in Shanghai at that time. Qinglong pagoda was originally seven levels and eight sides, with brick and wood structure, and was later destroyed by fire and war. Now it only has the body of the pagoda built in Song Dynasty, with a residual height of more than 30 meters. The temple and pagoda were rebuilt in Kangding and Qing Dynasties.

In the third year of Dade (1299), Zhihe (1308) and Zhizheng (1343), Ren Renfa, a calligrapher and painter from Qingpu, an expert in water conservancy, Ren Xiande, his son, and sun renshizhi successively contributed to the repair of the pagoda. In 1644, Zhu Mingjing, a native of the city, built the pagoda. In 1648, in the fifth year of Shunzhi period in the Qing Dynasty, monks were once again rejuvenated. When Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty visited the south of the Yangtze River, he was also named jiyunchan temple tower. Qinglong pagoda is in disrepair for a long time, the stairs are destroyed, the waist eaves are not preserved, and the body of the pagoda is inclined, which is in danger. In 1956, the copper gourd on the top of the tower was blown down by a typhoon. It was engraved with the words "the 17th year of Chongzhen in the Ming Dynasty". It is now collected in the Qingpu District Museum. In 1992, the tower body deviated from the center by 1.56 meters. Professor Cao Shizhong, a famous architectural rectification expert, was specially invited by Shanghai Municipal Commission of cultural relics to support it. Temples and pagodas were listed as county-level and municipal cultural relics protection units in 1959 and 1960 respectively.

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