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Qijiadun ancient cultural site

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-09 12:02

 

 

戚家墩古文化遗址

 

 

Qijiadun ancient cultural site is located at both sides of the flood control seawall in qijiadun village, Shanyang Township, Jinshan County, northeast of Hangzhou Bay. First discovered in 1935, the upper part of the site belongs to the culture of the Western Han Dynasty, while the lower part is characterized by the spring and autumn and Warring States cultures with geometric impression of hard pottery and glazed pottery.
 
Location of qijiadun ancient cultural site
Cultural relics unearthed in Jinshan Museum, No. 105, linchao street, linchao third village (next to the home of teachers and workers) are mostly found in the best travel time of Jinbo in all seasons
 
brief introduction
 
The monument is located at No. 105, linchao street, linchao third village, Jinshan County (next to the home of teachers and workers). It was first discovered in 1935. Archaeological excavations were carried out successively in February 1962 and May 1964. The upper part of the site belongs to the culture of the Western Han Dynasty, while the lower part is characterized by the culture of the spring and autumn and Warring States period. Four ash pits, two ancient wells and eight tombs were excavated. Among the unearthed cultural relics, there are pottery and glazed pottery, including 39.9% of geometric imprinted pottery, 39.5% of argillaceous pottery, 12.5% of sand mixed pottery, and 8.1% of glazed pottery. In the shape of utensils, there are cookers, such as tripods, jars, cauldrons and steamers; in the shape of utensils, there are cookers, such as bowls, cups, beans and plates; in the shape of containers, such as jars, jars, basins, bowls and boxes. In addition, there are pottery, bronze mirrors, five baht coins, iron, lacquer, stone and other cultural relics unearthed in the Western Han Dynasty.
 
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Excavating history
 
Qijiadun ancient cultural site was found in 1935. In the west of the village, there are tombs at the same time with the site in the east of the office of the former school yard and the area of zhougongdun. In the 37th year of the Republic of China, Shanghai Municipal Museum made a small-scale exploration. A large number of ancient pottery, porcelain, copper and iron wares were exposed on the beach because of the long-term erosion of a site on the beach. In 1962, it was announced as the site of cultural relics protection in Shanghai. In 1963 and 1964, the Municipal Commission for the preservation of cultural relics carried out two excavations, covering an area of 140 square meters. It is found that there are two layers of underground ancient culture. The upper layer belongs to the Western Han Dynasty, with one well cleaned and three tombs; the lower layer belongs to the spring and Autumn Warring States period, with five tombs cleared.
 
Remnants of Architecture
 
The water wells of the Western Han Dynasty were built with Corded pottery wells, with 9 and a half circles remaining and 1.98M deep. The wells were filled with silt. In the upper part of the silt, several corded tiles, one antler, melon seeds, walnuts and apricot plum cores were found. In the lower part, there were two iron kettles, two grey pottery round bottoms, many corded tiles and fragments of the tiles, as well as some patterned hard pottery such as pane pattern, meter pattern and meter screen pattern One of them is a round bottom can made of grey pottery, and a thin brown rope about 0.3cm thick is left in the neck, which fell to the bottom of the well when drawing water from the well. The ancient well is built by nine wells, each of which has several small holes. It is said that the purpose is to let the sea water and rain slowly penetrate and gradually become clear,
 
The tombs of the Western Han Dynasty are all pit tombs. There are two single burial and one joint burial. The tomb is 3 meters long, 1.70 meters wide and 0.5 meters deep. The outer coffin and coffin can find traces, but they are rotten. The skeletons of the people in the coffin are all facing southwest, with straight limbs and 12 burial objects. A coffin in the North has a built-in stone jar in its head and bone mouth, one stone earplug in its ear, one copper mirror with a button on the left, silk fabric and rotten wood marks around the mirror. It was originally wrapped with silk fabric and put in a round box; a string of 14 pieces of five baht coins were found in the belly of the human skeleton; a pottery jar with two ears, two pieces of decayed and invisible lacquer ware, one piece of iron ware and some five baht wares were found in the outer coffin chamber Money. One iron spear is placed on the right arm of the skeleton of a coffin in the south. Rotten wood remains in the Spear's shell and 12 pieces of five baht coins are placed on the abdomen.
 
Unearthed implements
 
During the excavation of tombs in the Warring States period, there were no traces of coffins and human bones, but only a pile of funerary objects. There are 54 pieces of pottery in tomb 2, which are arranged in 7 rows in east-west direction. Each row is mainly composed of 3 hard engraved pottery jars with checkered patterns. One black grey pottery basin is arranged at the mouth or one side of each altar. One lotus seed was found in a jar. Beside these altars, there are 10 small square pattern hard pottery waist drum shaped pots, 2 muddy grey pottery pots, 1 pan, 1 red pottery milk Ding tripod with sand and 2 cauldrons.
 
Other artifacts of the spring and autumn and Warring States period unearthed in the site or tombs include a small chequered rudingzu S-shaped hard pottery pot with a curled tail at the top and a flat mouth at the bottom, a ceramic support with a rope pattern on the bottom, a primitive porcelain cup with a straight stripe on the flow, a primitive porcelain cup with a deep spiral pattern on the straight barrel belly and inner bottom, a primitive porcelain bowl with a slightly converged mouth, an arc-shaped belly and a flat bottom, and a large number of rope patterns, mat patterns, and diagonal lines on the bottom This kind of artifacts in the spring and Autumn period and Warring States period have been called qijiadun type of Wuyue culture in archaeology.
 
In addition, on the west side of the beach, there is a site that has been completely destroyed. On the ground, fragments of pottery such as stone knives, sickles, shovels, arrowheads, and ampules and jars with broken lines, palindromes, and cloud and thunder patterns were collected and printed. The age of these fragments can reach the Western Zhou Dynasty.

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