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Hall of worship

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-09 13:15

 

钦赐仰殿

 

 

The imperial temple (Taiqing Palace) is one of the oldest Taoist temples in Shanghai. It is known as the "Millennium ancient temple". It is said that it began in the Three Kingdoms period, when Sun Quan of the eastern Wu Dynasty built the family temple for his mother. During the Tang Dynasty, the construction of Taoism and its palaces was greatly developed, many of which were even pardoned by the emperor of Tang Dynasty. At this time, the temple of worship was given to the emperor of Dongyue (the God of Mount Tai). In 1770 A.D., in the 35th year of Qianlong's reign in the Qing Dynasty, when the Taoist temple was renovated, it was found that the words "Xin Guan, Qin Shubao and Jian Zao" were written on the unloaded girder. After the war, it was reopened in 1982 and became the earliest Taoist temple in Shanghai. Since 1983, it has been repaired and completed in 1991. The ancient palace has been rejuvenated Now it is a national key Taoist temple and a cultural relic protection unit in Pudong New Area.
 
The Chinese name is qinciyang palace, the other name is Taiqing palace, the religious and Taoist faction, Taoism Zhengyi faction, which is located in no.476 Yuanshen Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai, famous buildings Dongyue palace, Yuelao palace, Laojun Pavilion, etc
 
Historical evolution
 
During the Three Kingdoms period: there is no record in the historical materials. It is said that Sun Quan of the Three Kingdoms period built a small temple like a family temple for his mother, Mrs. Wu, to pray for incense. At that time, it has no influence and no record in the historical materials.
 
Tang Dynasty: in 1770 A.D., that is, in the 35th year of Qianlong reign of the Qing Dynasty, when the Taoist temple was renovated to unload the girder, it was found that the inscription "Xin Guan, Qin Shubao and Jian Zao" was engraved on the girder. In Qing Dynasty, Qin Rongguang said in the bamboo branch Ci of Shanghai: "Dongyue Xinggong is in Pudong. It is said that Tang dynasty built and prospered the industry. Qin Jianzhu, an official and uncle, was granted the title of "Yang Dian Xiong" It is recorded in the Ci that the nature of the imperial temple is Dongyue Xinggong, which is commonly known as Dongyue Temple.
 
Ming and Qing Dynasties: in the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty and the 35th year of Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty (1770), the reconstruction was carried out twice. The Taoist temple of Qing Dynasty was prosperous and grand in scale.
 
In modern times, the palace was used for other purposes in the late Qing Dynasty, and the palace was stationed in the army during the 1911 Revolution.
 
During the period of the Republic of China, the imperial worship hall which was rebuilt by Pudong gentry was destroyed and sealed up.
 
During the "Cultural Revolution", it was destroyed. At the end of the "Cultural Revolution", there was only one dilapidated building, Dongyue hall.
 
Repairs began in 1983, the first phase of the project was completed in 1987 and completed in 1991.
 
In 2002, it was listed as a cultural relics protection unit in Pudong New Area.
 
Architecture introduction
 
The imperial worship hall covers an area of more than 7000 square meters and is composed of memorial archway, Dongyue hall, Sanqing hall, sutra collection building, Xianju building and piandian. The hall is magnificent and the statue is solemn. Step into the double-layer rolling eaves archway, the bell and Drum Tower with the bamboo hat shaped roof on the left and right. In the bell tower stands Wang Lingguan, the God of Taoism. In the drum tower stands "Marshal Zhao, the God of wealth of Taoism, Zhao Gongming.
 
The front of the courtyard is Dongyue hall, with cornices and arches, which are exquisitely carved. Under the eaves is the plaque of "imperial worship hall". In the middle of the main hall, there are horizontal plaques of "level Tianqi" and "daichenting". Zhonggong, the great emperor of Dongyue. Mount Tai, the eastern mountain, is the top of the five mountains. There are 72 emperors in the past dynasties in China who offer sacrifices. The East head of the palace is binglinggong, the son of emperor Dongyue; the west head is bixiayuanjun, the daughter of emperor Dongyue.
 
There are two auxiliary halls on the left side of the courtyard: Doumu palace and land palace. In the palace of Doumu, the emperor of Doumu was enshrined. As the mother of the Big Dipper seven stars, she is a goddess highly respected by Taoism. On the left side is "South China Sea Avalokitesvara" and on the right side is "heavenly concubine, virgin and Emperor", that is, Mazu respected by the people. For the first time in the Doumu palace, there are "the virgin of vision" in the East, and "the empress of Shuming and Kunde in the East", namely, the empress of the great emperor in the East. Three local gods, Yang, Jin and Shi, are worshipped in the earth palace. It is said that they have made contributions to The Place, so they are worshipped as local gods by later generations.
 
There are three auxiliary halls on the right side of the courtyard, namely, Sanguan hall, land hall and luzu hall. The three official halls offer sacrifices to the officials of heaven, earth and water. There is a saying in Taoism that heaven bless, earth forgive sins and water relieve misfortune. The influence of the three officials is second only to that of the Jade Emperor. On the east side of Sanguandian is Guan Yu, and on the west side is the Dragon King. In the palace of land, there are "Qi Jiguang God", "Benyi City God God" and "local land God". In ancient times, the people believed that the peace of one side depended on the respect of local gods, so they respected it very much. Lu Chunyang (Dongbin), one of the Eight Immortals in Taoism, is enshrined in the hall of Lu Zu.
 
The rear hall is called "Jinque Yujing", also known as Sanqing Pavilion. It is mainly used for the supreme god of Taoism, "Sanqing", that is, the statue of Tianzun in the beginning, Lingbao Tianzun and Daode Tianzun. The God of heaven "four emperors" that you worship for Taoism is the honorific title of the emperor, which is next to the four emperors of Sanqing Dynasty: the first emperor of the golden palace, the second emperor of the Ziwei Arctic, the third emperor of the heavenly palace, and the fourth emperor of heaven imitating the earth. The supreme god of Taoism, Sanqing, is offered on the pavilion, that is, the first heaven God who lives in the tiny heaven, the jade and the pure state, the spiritual treasure heaven God who lives in the clear state of Yuyu heaven, and the moral heaven God who lives in the great red sky and the too clear state.
 
There are four floors (including the middle mezzanine) in the Sutra collection building: the bottom floor is dedicated to the Sutra Hall of the Jade Emperor, and the second floor is the Taoist library, which mainly displays modern Taoist classics, works and Taoist culture books, and is open to the society and believers. The third floor is the Sutra Pavilion, which is dedicated to important Taoist classics and displays important Taoist documents and cultural relics. The fourth floor is laojuntang, which is dedicated to the treasure of Daoguan and Zhenguan - the ten thousand year old red sandalwood statue of Laojun.
 
To the east of the scripture building is the Taoist cultural stele Gallery, which is used to carve Taoist calligraphy and paintings and immortal portraits, etc. to display the Taoist stele culture.

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