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Songjiang mosque

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-08 17:14

 

松江清真寺

 

 

Songjiang mosque, originally called Zhenjiao temple, was built in the period from Yuan Dynasty to Zheng Dynasty, i.e. 1341-1367 ad. it is the oldest Islamic building in Shanghai. The existing temple tomb wall is a building of cultural integration between the two ethnic groups, especially the kiln hall, bunker building and Dalu Huachi tomb, which has rich characteristics of the times and precious historical and artistic value. It was listed as a county-level cultural relic protection unit in 1961 and designated as a municipal cultural relic protection unit in 1980.

 

Architectural characteristics
 

Ancient temples in China. It is also known as Songjiang Zhenjiao temple, also known as < b > White Crane temple in the cloud. It has a history of more than 600 years and is located in Chengxi road bridge, Songjiang County, Shanghai. There are different opinions on the time when the temple was first built: first, it was founded in 134l-1368 by Dalu Huachi, the prefecture governor; second, it was founded in 1295 when the Muslim Nashi Latin garrison Songjiang. According to records, in the 24th year of Hongwu reign (1391), Zhu Yuanzhang ordered the temple to be rebuilt. In the fifth year of Yongle (1407) and the fourteenth year of Jiajing (1535), they were rebuilt and expanded twice. In the ten years of Wanli (1582), the decoration was carried out again. In the 15th year of Shunzhi (1658), the 16th year of Kangxi (1677), the 17th year of Jiaqing (1812), the 2nd year of Daoguang (1821) and 1985, it was rebuilt and renovated several times. The layout of the temple maintains the traditional style of the integration of Islamic temples and tombs in the yuan and Ming Dynasties.

The gate of the temple faces to the north, and there are four big characters of "Qing Miao Yuan Zhen" embedded in the front wall. There are two words "Chijian" on the forehead of the temple gate, with the inner screen wall and the letter "mosque". Through the second gate of the corridor, the dragon wall is winding, and there is a cemetery outside the southeast wall, that is, the Songjiang Hui tomb, which is the tomb of the Hui people in Songjiang. According to the inscription in the temple, nashulin, the governor of Yuan Dynasty, was buried in the temple (the tomb has been restored). Inside the dragon wall is a complete mosque building, whose style keeps the characteristics of the combination of Arabic cylinder vault style and Chinese palace style classical architecture. On the east side of the temple is the bunker building with brick bucket arch structure. Inside the building wall is the Arabic brick arch ball roof, which is about 4 meters high. There are exquisite brick carvings on the wall. The arch gate opening is the access road, and there are two service doors beside the building.


Facing the East, the worship hall is a wooden hall style building in the south of the Yangtze River in the Ming Dynasty. It is antique and symmetrical with the exquisite and upright bunker building. The main hall is connected with the end concave hall by the Sichuan corridor. The concave hall is about 8 meters high. It has three entrances in the north, South and East. It has a spherical vault, double eaves and cross ridges. The wing angle is raised. It is simple and vigorous, and it is far away from the bunker building. There is a bathing room on the south side of the worship hall and wing rooms on the north and south sides of the courtyard. It is a place for lecture hall and Imam to recite scriptures and receive visitors. There are four existing Islamic inscriptions in the temple, recording the historical evolution of the mosque and the repair process of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The temple is an important relic of cultural exchange between Arabia and China, and also a symbol of the combination of Islamic culture and Chinese culture. It is a key cultural relics protection unit in Shanghai.

 

Main buildings
 

The screen wall, also known as screen wall, is a unique setting in front of the gate of ancient Chinese architecture, forming the first space of the building. The external screen wall has the function of marking, while the internal screen wall serves as the barrier of the inner courtyard, and makes people feel the space transformation. The Zhaobi of Songjiang mosque is a symbol of the integration of Islam and Chinese traditional culture, and also a historical witness of Songjiang mosque.
 

Bangke gate building was first built in the Yuan Dynasty, rebuilt in the 14th year of Jiajing (1559) in the Ming Dynasty, and then repaired. Bangke building was originally built by mosque calling Muslims to worship. However, it is a gate building integrating Arabic and Chinese styles, which is very rare in mosque buildings in China. There are fine brick carvings and ancient scriptures on the gatehouse, and the Scripture on the West forehead is: "the first mosque that Allah inspired the world to build is the kebair mosque in Mecca."
 

Worship Hall - the worship hall is divided into the front and the back. The front hall is built in the Ming Dynasty, facing the east from the West. After bathing and taking off their shoes, Muslims enter this hall to worship Allah. It is the holy place of Islam. Carpet in winter, mat in summer, the whole building is solemn. The back hall is a building of Yuan Dynasty, with brick arch and ball roof, three sides of which are doors, and inside the hall there are concave walls for worship. The roof has double eaves cross, commonly known as kiln hall and beamless hall, which embodies the ingenious combination of Chinese and Arabic architectural art in Yuan Dynasty.
 

The North lecture hall was built in Ming Dynasty. It was built for the self-improvement of the Muslim shaozongbo (Marquis) horse in Ming Dynasty. According to the records of the Ming Dynasty, "Ma Ziqiang was appointed Minister of the Ministry of rites in September of Yihai, the third year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty. He was born in Tongzhou (today's Shaanxi Province) and was a Jinshi in the 32nd year of Jiajing." He moved to shaozhan to study as a waiter, and took charge of the Imperial Academy. " The story of Ma Ziqiang's donation is found in half of the Ming Dynasty's broken steles in the mosque. The horse is an important official of the court, who donated money to build houses for the Songjiang mosque, which shows the important position of the Songjiang mosque in the ancient Chinese Muslims.
 

The South lecture hall, built in the Qing Dynasty, and the North lecture hall are The Places where the imams (religious teachers) of the past dynasties of Songjiang mosque teach scriptures and research doctrines to Haifa (Temple students) or the elders of Muslim villages, and also serve as the meeting places for local Muslims. The ancient Muslims gathered around the mosque and lived together. The lecture hall played an important role in their religious life. The South lecture hall has been set up as an exhibition hall, with the exhibition of "Songjiang mosque and Islam in Shanghai" arranged for the audience to understand the long history of Songjiang mosque and the development of Islam in Shanghai.
 

Ancient juniper - there is a juniper tree on the north side of the main hall. It was planted in Ming Dynasty and has a history of more than 400 years. The ancient cypresses are still standing upright and luxuriant, showing strong vitality. According to the Muslim legend, Chang Yuchun, the general of Ming Dynasty, once tied his horse here. There is an ancient well in the Ming Dynasty on the left of the ancient cypress. It is in the form of a stone fence, simple in shape and full of ancient flavor.
 

Traffic information
 

Address: Songjiang mosque, gangpeng lane, Zhongshan Middle Road, Songjiang District
 

Transportation Guide: take Songjiang Meizhou special line (Songjiang Meilong southwest bus station), Husong special line, etc. to Songjiang Ledu bus station, then transfer to Songjiang No.2 road to Huating old street; take the train (Shanghai Hangzhou line) to Songjiang No.5 road and No.8 road to Huating old street.
 

Zuibaichi station of line 9, go north along Renmin South Road, and see a Gangchang lane over the Shenyue square. Just go in.

Self built route: inner ring viaduct - humin viaduct - Xinzhuang interchange - G60 Shanghai Kunming Expressway - Songjiang exit - Rongle middle road - Renmin North Road - Zhongshan Middle Road (Huating old street).

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