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North Sichuan Road business street

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-07 15:06

Sichuan North Road business street

 

四川北路商业街

 

 

North Sichuan Road is a north-south street in Hongkou District, Shanghai, with a total length of 3.7km. Bounded by Suzhou Road in the north, the north section of the south section belongs to the street of Sichuan North Road. There is such a description in the Shanghai wind and earth miscellany: "the dance ground on the North Sichuan Road, the middle and lower level movie theater, the Cantonese restaurant, the Cantonese teahouse, the Cantonese brothel, the Japanese restaurant, the bathroom, the brothel, the European brothel, the beauty salon, and the massage parlor are numerous. In addition to Nanjing Road and Fuzhou Road in Shanghai, the most prosperous one in the North Sichuan Road is the famous Rongle East Road in Songjiang < b >, and the vehicles in Rixi , pedestrian congestion. "

In the early 1990s, the Shanghai municipal government carried out a large-scale transformation of Sichuan North Road, which has become a unique "business street facing the working class" in Shanghai. Sichuan North Road is also considered to be the third largest commercial street after Nanjing Road and Huaihai Road.

geographical position

North Sichuan Road < / b > is located in the South and west by the middle of Hongkou District. It starts from Suzhou Road in the north of Sichuan Road Bridge in the south, and passes through Hengbang bridge to Dongjiangwan road in the middle. Along the way, it intersects with Tiantong Road, Wuchang Road, Tanggu Road, Haining Road, Wujin Road, Qiujiang Road, Qiujiang Branch Road, xingjiaqiao South Road, Dongbaoxing Road and hailun West Road, and it intersects with nanchongming Road, Kunshan Garden Road, Kunshan Road, Xinguang Road, Houde Road, Sichuan Road, Xinxiang Road, Yongming Road, Qinguan Road, south section of Duolun Road, Changchun Road, Liyang Road, Shanyin Road, Tianai road and north section of Duolun Road Duan, Dongjiangwan road and Huangdu road meet. The total length is 3.7km.

Suzhou River is the starting point of the south end of the business street of North Sichuan Road, Lu Xun Park is the end point of the north end of the business street of North Sichuan Road, Yu Jingpu crosses the middle section of the North Sichuan Road, dotted by the North Sichuan Road Park and AISI children's Park. The unique geographical environment and ecological advantages of North Sichuan Road are beyond the reference of other city level commercial centers. It is engraved with the heavy imprint of city history and the aging years of Shanghai.

Commercial status

As the longest commercial street in Shanghai today, North Sichuan Road has continued the prosperous commerce and the flow of people in the period of the Republic of China in the process of reform and opening up. However, due to the influence of various factors, especially the rapid rise of other emerging business circles such as Xujiahui and Wujiaochang, Sichuan North Road has lost its former glory. However, its commercial history and cultural heritage are still the same, which is the unique advantage that other business streets and business circles do not have, and the Shanghai school culture is still profound. The reconstructed North Sichuan Road attracts more and more citizens and tourists from home and abroad with its high-grade and low-cost goods and modern electronic technology services, modern cultural tourism and entertainment facilities built by the surrounding cultural landscape, and a group of famous business enterprises stationed in the North Sichuan Road.

Hierarchical positioning

North Sichuan Road < / b > caters to the Shanghai People's psychology of paying attention to "material benefits", which is in sharp contrast to Huaihai Road, which pursues luxury consumption, and Nanjing Road, which pursues famous stores. The four landmark commercial buildings, namely new Kaifu, Duolun, Kailun and Shanghai Spring, have stood tall. After the completion of many high-grade commercial facilities, they still adhere to the medium price commodities For business characteristics, fully reflect the business personality, facing the broad working class, become the shopping paradise favored by the people "Walk around other roads, business to Sichuan Road" is still a kind and practical slogan. In the three important areas of the business function of the whole North Sichuan Road, each area has obvious characteristics and personality, but also has a consistent atmosphere of culture and art, < b > finally forms a new business pattern of the North Sichuan Road of "Nanfan, polytechnic school, Beiya".

Development transformation

After Huangpu District proposed to create the first domestic gold jewelry business functional zone, the construction of Hongkou District, the second business functional zone in Shanghai, was officially launched in mid-2011. The first batch of wine merchants from nine Portuguese speaking countries and regions, including Portugal, Brazil and Angola, signed contracts and entered the Shanghai wine culture exhibition under the business functional zone Heart. Liu Boying, director of Shanghai wine culture exhibition center and relevant director of Shanghai International Wine Trade functional zone, said that Shanghai has accounted for more than 60% of China's port wine imports, which has a huge radiation on the domestic market.

According to Zhang Xinsheng, deputy director of the Municipal Commission of Commerce, Shanghai International Wine Trade functional zone is located in the middle section of North Sichuan Road, Hongkou, close to Dongbaoxing Road in the north, Wusong Road in the East, Tanggu road in the South and Henan Road in the west, totaling about 1.5 square kilometers. Based on the mature business and business environment in the middle section of North Sichuan Road, the functional area will strive to build a multi-functional business and business public service platform integrating wine display, wine trade, wine tasting, information release, inspection and testing, professional training, and cultural tourism.

Historical vicissitude

Late Qing Dynasty

In 1877, the concession authority built a road from the north end of lidaidu bridge (now Sichuan Road Bridge) to Tiantong Road, which is known as lidaidu bridge north. In 1904, the concession authority illegally crossed the old target Road (now Wujin Road) and continued to build the road northward to the area of jinjiashe, Baoshan (now Lu Xun Park), which became the main road connecting the north and the south. This road is called North Sichuan Road because it is connected with Sichuan Road on the South Bank of Suzhou River. In 1946, it was renamed Sichuan North Road. The North Sichuan Road lies on the Suzhou River in the South and close to the Huangpu River. The water transportation conditions are very superior. It is not only the water gateway to the world, but also the hub of the coastal, Yangtze and inland river shipping. It is adjacent to the North Railway Station of the land gate of Shanghai at that time in the west, with unique geographical advantages. After Songhu Railway (now Hongkou section of light rail) was opened to traffic in 1898, northern Sichuan Road has convenient water and land transportation, and there are many merchants. The business center began to transfer from Broadway Road (now Daming Road) and Wusong Road to North Sichuan Road and radiated around. Soon, the number of shops is increasing. In 1908, the tram turned from Jing'an Temple to North Sichuan Road and Hongkou Park (now Lu Xun Park) via The Bund, and the business and entertainment industry developed one after another. In the same year, Remas, a Spanish businessman, established the Hongkou (grand) movie theater at the junction of Zhapu, Haining Road, the south section of North Sichuan Road, becoming the first official movie theater in China.

The gradual development of transportation, commerce, entertainment and other industries of North Sichuan Road has driven the road construction in the surrounding areas. By 1912, Jiangwan Road (now Dongjiangwan Road), Huanglu Road (now Huangdu Road), shigaota Road (now Shanyin Road), baole'an Road (now Duolun Road), Baipao Road (now Xinxiang Road) and heskeli Road (now Zhongzhou Road) were built along the North Sichuan Road, forming a commercial and entertainment block centered on the North Sichuan Road.

Business is booming. In 1896, jiangliangtong, a businessman of Guangxu, opened the first Hechang foreign clothing store in Shanghai at No. 8, beisichuan road. After the 24th year of Guangxu's reign (1898), the new Dabei tea shop and other stores opened for the second time, and the market gradually became a success. By 1920, there were 40 tea and food stores in beisichuan Road, such as yimanju, xindabei, Gonghe, Xingfeng and Fuxing, 8 woolen cloth stores in Xiangtai, hengfengxiang and dedaxiang, 11 hardware and pigment stores, 2 Wansheng and Guangliang South stores, 2 GONGMAO and Juxing fruit stores.

the Republic of China era

In the 1920s and 1930s, along the North Sichuan Road, there were Lichang photo studio, guangmaoxiang roast duck shop, linanju tea shop, xindabei tea shop, Hong Kong barber shop, Wuzhou pharmacy, Xinya Hotel (at the beginning of opening, "no whoring, gambling, opium smoking" was highly praised by all sectors of Society), zhengguanghe foreign trade house, Fuxing leather shoes shop, Baohe Tangguo pharmacy, cognate Tainan goods store, xiefengchang Silk fabric foreign product number, Dechang suit store, Hexing hardware store, etc. In the north section of the road, theatres, cinemas and dance halls such as Fuxing and rigong have been opened successively. There are Cantonese, Japanese, European style restaurants, teahouses, bathrooms, beauty salons, massage parlors, brothels, and so on. Because Cantonese people live together along the street, roast duck and roast goose are everywhere. "Not in the west", "Yangcheng flavor" and "eating and playing center" became the market characteristics of northern Sichuan Road in the 1930s. The North Sichuan Road, which has "the mixed use of Huayang and the meeting of five directions", is crowded with traffic and pedestrians. Its prosperity is second only to Nanjing Road (now Nanjing East Road and Nanjing West Road) and Xiafei Road (now Huaihai Middle Road), which became one of the main commercial streets in Shanghai at that time. At this time, the entertainment industry also accelerated its development. In May 1917, Zeng Huantang, a Cantonese, opened a Shanghai Grand Theater at the original site of Tongqing theater at Qiujiang road crossing, beisichuan Road (now No. 1408, North Sichuan Road). This was the first person to open a cinema by a Chinese businessman. In the early 1930s, there were Shanghai Performing Arts Museum (now Yongan cinema, No. 1800, North Sichuan Road), Hollywood Theater (now Shengli cinema, No. 408, Zhapu Road), Guangdong opera house (now 1552, North Sichuan Road, mass theater, which also reflected films and often performed Cantonese opera, becoming the first Cantonese Opera Performance Center in Shanghai, famous in Guangdong, Hong Kong and at home and abroad), Donghe Museum (now 341, Zhapu Road) Liberation theater) and other 32 cinemas, 47 film companies established or moved in, Hongkou became the birthplace of China's film screening industry.

Anti Japanese War

The war of Japanese invasion of Shanghai broke out on August 13. Hongkou was the front position of the war. Residents fled, shops closed or moved, the market suddenly withered and Commerce declined unprecedentedly. During the Japanese occupation, the area was under the direct jurisdiction of the Japanese Navy, and the number of Japanese overseas Chinese increased rapidly. Some Japanese plundered national property depending on the Japanese forces. There were 703 houses on the North Sichuan Road. Before the August 13, only 65 houses were occupied by Japanese. After the war, Chinese owners fled (some were expelled), and 600 houses were occupied by Japanese, a total of 665 houses, accounting for 90% of the houses on the road. In 1942, there were 326 Japanese shops and companies on the North Sichuan Road, becoming the Japanese world.

After the war of resistance against Japan

In 1945, with the victory of the Anti Japanese War, the Japanese army, Japanese and overseas Chinese moved back one by one, the North Sichuan Road store was restored or opened for business, and the tram and bus were resumed. In 1946, North Sichuan Road was renamed North Sichuan Road. In 1947, there were more than 500 stores along the North Sichuan Road, such as clothes, shoes and hats, food and fruit products, department stores and cigarette stores, tea shops and restaurants, jewelry and silver houses. The market characteristics of Yangcheng flavor were no longer there. Commercial recovery has restored the status of Shanghai's main commercial streets. However, the line numbers and shops are low, narrow, deep and shallow, and the facade is not old. This is the pattern of Sichuan North Road Commercial Street created by history. Around the North Sichuan Road, there are Qiujiang road and Qiujiang Branch Road, which are famous for selling surplus materials of the US Army and those left by Japanese and overseas Chinese.

In 1949, after the liberation of Shanghai, Sichuan North Road Commercial Street gained a new life. The Places left over from the old society have been cleaned up and banned, roads and shops have been rebuilt and repaired many times, and the commercial structure has changed, so as to facilitate the shopping of citizens and meet the needs of people's daily life, and new prosperity and development have begun to emerge.

Cultural details

Scholars converge

Sichuan north road used to be a settlement of progressive literati, with many publishing houses.

In 1921, < / b > the reviser (revolutionary martyr) and the young people of the Bank jointly set up the Shanghai Communication Library in the name of the joint association in tianshouli (now Yongming Road), Keming Road, North Sichuan Road, to borrow books by means of communication, which is not restricted by the way, economy, position, time, etc., aiming at "making the people without property have books to read". It is the forerunner of a fully open public library in Shanghai.

In 1925, < b > Hongkou branch of Shanghai Commercial Press was built at Kunshan Huayuan Road, North Sichuan Road (now Xinhua Bookstore). In August, Liao Chenyun (Chen Yun) led the workers of the press to strike and finally won the victory.

In 1926, < / b > was founded by Liangyou book printing company, No. 851, beisichuan Road, edited by Wu Liande, Zhou jianjuan, etc., and founded the first large-scale comprehensive pictorial in China, Liangyou pictorial, which is mainly composed of books and written description, covering current affairs, politics, military affairs, economy, culture, social life and other aspects, enjoying both refined and popular tastes, and widely sold at home and abroad.

On April 12, 1927, the Kuomintang launched a counter revolutionary coup. Pan Hannian, Yang Hansheng, Li yihoon and other members of the Communist Party of China who had transferred to Shanghai from all over the country gathered in Hongkou, United Guo Moruo, Zheng Boqi and other progressive figures in the cultural field, established a Cultural United front, opened bookstores along the North Sichuan Road, organized mass organizations and publications, launched a left-wing cultural movement, and launched a cultural movement against the Kuomintang We should ban, ban and persecute the left-wing culture in a legal struggle. In October of that year, Lu Xun lived in Hongkou and established a united front with a group of progressive people such as Guo Moruo. Since then, chunye Bookstore creation and publishing department, Nanqiang bookstore, Shuimo bookstore and so on have successively stopped at North Sichuan Road. Xinya tea house (the predecessor of Xinya Cantonese restaurant) opened at No. 534, Qiujiang Branch Road (now No. 1413, North Sichuan Road) was the earliest art salon in Shanghai. A number of publishing houses, bookstores and publications have sprung up in the North Sichuan Road, which has put a cultural color and a bright spot of "revolution and progress" on this commercial downtown.

Characteristic building

In 1924, the Shanghai post office building, which stands on the west side of the north end of Sichuan Road and bridge, was completed. Shanghai post management moved in and the building was changed into a post building, which is the symbol of Shanghai post.

Hongkou building built in 1927;

Changchun apartment rebuilt in 1928 (originally built in 1921, then destroyed by fire);

The apartment building of Bank of China Shanghai Branch (formerly known as Bank of China building, later renamed as Bank of China Building) and dienwei building (now Liyang building) completed in 1929;

North Sichuan building and bridge building built before 1930;

In 1931, Hongkou apartment (also known as the four line building) was built by four banks of the original mainland, Central South, Jincheng and yanye;

In 1934, Xinya hotel building was mainly invested by overseas Chinese and compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao.

In 1935, the riverside building on the west side of the road and the Kaifu building on Haining Road became more European.

The new lanes along the road have also been built, such as Sichuan Li, guangshouli, anzhengfang, dadri, YONGANLI, yonglefang, etc.

Section characteristics

Southern section

Leisure and fashion on the North Bank of Suzhou

Crossing the North Sichuan Road Bridge is the post and Telecommunications Building No.1, North Sichuan Road. This is the South Gate of Hongkou. It will build the "platinum triangle" of Shanghai together with the Bund and Lujiazui. It is also the place where the planning of North Sichuan Road and North Bund is integrated.

Section status: from Suzhou River to Haining Road is the planning head of the whole North Sichuan Road and the west end of the North Bund. It is adjacent to the Bund source project on the South Bank of Suzhou River and Qipu Road business district. There are many classical buildings here. The British architecture of Kunshan Huayuan road and the catering street of Zhapu road have their own characteristics. In addition to the small shops along the street, the 21st century sports city, Shanghai Spring Department store and Jiuzhou gold are the main shops here. Nowadays, the office buildings along and near the North Sichuan Road include gaobaoxin Times Square, Jingwu building, Fuhai building, Yuhang building, Shanghai Beach International Building, Bay building, Shenglong building, etc. basically, the rent is 2-3 yuan per square meter per day, or even the mid-range office buildings with less than 2 yuan per day. There is no higher-end property to support the surrounding business environment.

Section planning: the section emphasizes the relationship between people and water, and links with the local special landscape (water and willow planting), creating unique characteristics. With the "Haitai center" project of Haitai real estate and the "Hongji square" plot project that has been retaken as the logo, the high-end business and high-end residence drive the high-end business, introduce high-end brands, build high-end clubs and clubs, and provide a platform for high-end consumption. Coffee shop, various leisure consumption, five-star international hotel and sculpture park will be set up along the river bank, which will become a bright spot at the south end of North Sichuan Road.

Middle part

A model of integration of ecology and Commerce

This is the most prosperous and bustling section of North Sichuan Road. Relying on the convenient rail transit and the good ecological environment of North Sichuan Road Park, AISI children's Park and yujingpu, it brings a large number of people.

Section status: from Haining Road to hailun West Road, Sichuan North Road gathers rail transit line 3, line 4 and line 10, with convenient transportation. This is the area with the largest number of newly built houses in Sichuan North Road. Mingjia City, Jiajie International Plaza, kairun Jincheng and rose Plaza gather together, and Sichuan North Road Park is developed to provide open space for green space. It is also the place with the strongest business atmosphere in North Sichuan Road. In Dongbaoxing Road and North Sichuan Road, a mature small and medium-sized business circle has been formed, mainly consisting of Ford business center, Dongbao Department store, Jiajie International Plaza and kairun gold city. The Fuhai commercial building, which was photographed by Lehman Brothers in 2006, will also show a new face. There are 30 floors in Fuhai commercial building, including one to five floors underground for shopping malls and 6-29 floors for offices.

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